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Table 2 Demographic characteristics, spatial access to fast food, and frequency of fast-food meals among rural adults (n = 1,409)

From: Association between proximity to and coverage of traditional fast-food restaurants and non-traditional fast-food outlets and fast-food consumption among rural adults

  Mean ± SD (Median) % (n)
Demographic characteristics   
Age, y 55.4 ± 15.2 (56)  
Women   73 (1030)
Race/ethnic minority1   17.6 (245)
Income   
   Poverty (≤100% FPL)   18.0 (254)
   Low income (101%-199% FPL)   14.7 (207)
BMI (kg/m2)   
   Normal (<25)   31.6 (445)
   Overweight (25-29.9)   34.3 (483)
   Obese (≥30)   34.1 (481)
Household size2 2.5 ± 1.3 (2)  
Employed3   40.6 (559)
Spatial access to fast food   
Access to fast food (proximity), mi   
   Nearest traditional fast-food restaurant 5.8 ± 5.4 (4.1)  
   Nearest non-traditional fast-food outlet 3.2 ± 3.5 (1.6)  
   Nearest fast-food opportunity4 3.0 ± 3.4 (1.5)  
Access to fast-food (coverage)5   
   ≤1 mi of the respondent's residence   
   Traditional fast-food restaurants 1.7 ± 3.2 (0)  
   Non-traditional fast-food outlets 1.9 ± 2.5 (0)  
   All fast-food opportunities 3.6 ± 5.5 (0)  
   ≤3 mi of the respondent's residence   
   Traditional fast-food restaurants 4.7 ± 7.4 (0)  
   Non-traditional fast-food outlets 4.6 ± 6.4 (2)  
   All fast-food opportunities 9.3 ± 13.7 (2)  
   ≤5 mi of the respondent's residence   
   Traditional fast-food restaurants 5.8 ± 8.1 (2)  
   Non-traditional fast-food outlets 6.0 ± 7.4 (4)  
   All fast-food opportunities 11.8 ± 15.4 (6)  
Fast-food meal consumption   
   Frequency of fast-food meals (per wk.) 1.3 ± 1.1 (1)  
  1. FPL = Federal Poverty Level; BMI = body mass index
  2. 1 Data on race/ethnic group membership provided by 1,402 respondents
  3. 2 Household size = number of adults and children living in the household. Household size data provided by 1,397 respondents
  4. 3 Employed = employed full-time for wages. Employment data provided by 1,384 respondents
  5. 4 Distance to nearest traditional fast-food restaurant or non-traditional fast-food outlet, whichever is closest
  6. 5 All fast-food opportunities = total of traditional fast-food restaurants and non-traditional fast-food outlets