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Table 4 Association of personal characteristics and proximity to nearest traditional fast-food restaurant, non-traditional fast-food outlet, and all fast-food opportunities with frequency of weekly consumption of fast-food meals in 1,409 rural adults, using multiple variable regression

From: Association between proximity to and coverage of traditional fast-food restaurants and non-traditional fast-food outlets and fast-food consumption among rural adults

  Regression coefficient
Personal characteristics    
Age, y -0.018*** -0.018*** -0.018***
Household income1    
   Poverty (≤100% FPL) -0.264*** -0.258*** -0.262***
   Low income (101%-199% FPL) -0.150 -0.143 -0.146
BMI (kg/m2)2    
   Overweight (25-29.9) 0.144* 0.142* 0.142
   Obese (≥30) 0.267*** 0.275*** 0.276***
Gender3    
   Women -0.477*** -0.334** -0.357**
Spatial access to fast food    
   Traditional fast-food restaurant -0.045***   
   Non-traditional fast-food outlet   -0.044**  
   All fast-food opportunities    -0.048**
Interaction (gender and spatial access)    
   Traditional fast-food restaurant 0.047***   
   Non-traditional fast-food outlet   0.039*  
   Fast-food opportunity    0.048**
Intercept 2.72 2.60 2.60
R2of model 0.102 0.094 0.094
  1. FPL = Federal Poverty Level
  2. 1 Reference category for household income: Above low income (≥200% FPL)
  3. 2 Referent category for BMI (body mass index): Normal (<25 kg/m2)
  4. 3 Referent category for gender: men
  5. Level of statistical significance at level of * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001