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Table 6 Association of personal characteristics and three-mile coverage of fast-food restaurant, non-traditional fast-food outlet, and all fast-food opportunities with frequency of weekly consumption of fast-food meals in 1,409 rural adults, using multiple variable regression

From: Association between proximity to and coverage of traditional fast-food restaurants and non-traditional fast-food outlets and fast-food consumption among rural adults

  Regression coefficient
  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
Personal characteristics    
Age, y -0.019*** -0.019*** -0.019***
Household income1    
   Poverty (≤100% FPL) -0.260*** -0.259*** -0.259***
   Low income (101% to 199% FPL) -0.149 -0.149 -0.149
BMI (kg/m2)2    
   Overweight (25-29.9) 0.140 0.140 0.140
   Obese (≥30) 0.267*** 0.268*** 0.267***
Gender3    
   Women -0.100 -0.107 -0.102
Three-mile coverage of fast food    
   Traditional fast-food restaurant 0.020**   
   Non-traditional fast-food outlet   0.020*  
   All fast-food opportunities    0.010**
Interaction (gender and three-mile coverage)   
   Traditional fast-food restaurant -0.020*   
   Non-traditional fast-food outlet   -0.020  
   Fast-food opportunity    -0.010*
Intercept 2.36 2.36 2.36
R2of model 0.094 0.092 0.093
  1. FPL = Federal Poverty Level
  2. 1 Reference category for household income: Above low income (≥200% FPL)
  3. 2 Referent category for BMI (body mass index): Normal (<25 kg/m2)
  4. 3 Referent category for gender: men
  5. Level of statistical significance at level of * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001