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Table 3 Influence of region on the risk of diabetes mellitus; results of logistic regression models, unadjusted and adjusted for a variety of co-factors

From: East-West gradient in cardio-vascular mortality in Austria: how much can we explain by following the pattern of risk factors?

  Men Women
  OR 95% CI P OR 95% CI P
Univariate logistic regression models
   Region 3* 0.92 0.63-1.34 0.672 1.16 0.86-1.57 0.331
   Region 2* 1.21 0.85-1.73 0.282 1.30 0.99-1.69 0.056
   Region 1* 1.86 1.31-2.66 0.001 1.39 1.05-1.85 0.021
Multivariate logistic regression models
   Region 3* 0.88 0.59-1.30 0.504 1.13 0.82-1.55 0.450
   Region 2* 1.10 0.76-1.60 0.610 1.29 0.97-1.71 0.076
   Region 1* 1.84 1.26-2.69 0.002 1.36 1.01-1.84 0.043
Co-Variates       
   Age 1.39 1.34-1.44 < 0.001 1.31 1.27-1.35 < 0.001
   Smoking (yes) 1.02 0.77-1.36 0.881 1.01 0.74-1.38 0.959
   Diet rich in meat (yes) 1.01 0.80-1.28 0.936 0.78 0.57-1.06 0.111
   Lack of physical exercise (yes) 1.46 1.10-1.93 0.008 1.33 1.00-1.77 0.047
   Psycho-social discomfort (yes) 1.82 1.38-2.40 < 0.001 1.87 1.49-2.35 < 0.001
   Lack of social support (yes) 1.58 0.97-2.56 0.067 1.79 1.23-2.58 0.002
   Low educational level (yes) 0.97 0.75-1.26 0.837 2.00 1.44-2.78 < 0.001
   Born abroad (yes) 0.82 0.64-1.06 0.238 1.42 1.09-1.84 0.009
   Not being married (yes) 0.82 0.64-1.06 0.132 1.03 0.85-1.26 0.740
R2 0.216 0.204
  1. *Region 4 is used as a reference region; regions 1-4 are depicted in figures 2 for men and 3 for women