Parameter

White males

Black males



Estimate

CI_{0.025}

CI_{0.975}

Estimate

CI_{0.025}

CI_{0.975}


Joinpoint
      
τ_{1}

1989

1988

1990

1988

1986

1993

τ_{2}

2000

1999

2002

1999

1996

2002

APC
      
[1981, τ_{1}]

0.5

1.6

0.6

0.5

3.0

4.1

[τ_{1}, τ_{2}]

9.7*

10.4

9.0

10.2*

12.2

8.1

[τ_{2}, 2007]

1.8

0.2

3.8

0.2

4.3

3.9

AAPC
      
19812007

3.9*

4.5

3.3

4.4*

6.0

2.7

 Results for each ethnic group include the estimated value and 95% confidence interval for three parameters: joinpoint year, annual percent change (APC) for each of the three time segments, and average annual percent change (AAPC) computed over the entire time series. For the last two parameters, the symbol * denotes parameters significantly different from zero at α = 0.05.