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Table 2 Selected Cancer Atlases published from 1995 onwards

From: Developing the atlas of cancer in Queensland: methodological issues

Region Time period Outcome Statistic mapped Smoothing method N regionsa N cancers mappedb Presentation methodc
Canada [63] 1986-1990 Incidence CIF None 290 17 (M, F or P) Ecumene
Europe [64] ~1981-1990 Incidence Mortality DSR Floating average of neighbouring rates for non-cities Not stated 31 (M, F) Isopleth
India [65] 2001-2002 Incidence DSR None 593 1 (M, F) Areal
Limburg [66] (Belgium) 1996-1998 Incidence SIR Poisson-Gamma and CAR Bayesian models 44 5 (M, F) Areal
Netherlands [67] 1989-2003 Incidence DSR Floating average of neighbouring rates for non-cities 458 11 (M, F) Isopleth
New York [68] (USA) Not stated Incidence DSR None 62 12 (M, F) Areal
New South Wales [46] (Australia) 1998-2002 Incidence Mortality SIR, SMR CAR Bayesian model 192 22 - inc (M, F) 12-mort (M, F) Areal
Pennsylvania [69] (USA) 1994-2002 Incidence DSR None 67 2 (M, F, P) Areal
Queensland [20] (Australia) 1998-2007 Incidence Survival SIR, RER Bayesian hierarchical models: BYM and relative survival 478 19 (M, F) Areal
South Australia [70] (Australia) 1991-2000 Incidence Mortality DSR None 117 11 (P) Ecumene
Spain [71] 1987-1995 Mortality SIR Non-parametric empirical Bayes estimation method 2218 4 (M, F) out of 14 maps Areal
Sweden [72] 1971-1989 Incidence DSR, CIF None 286 37 (M, F) Areal
UK [73] 2003-2005 Incidence Survival Mortality DSR, RS None 350 17 (M, F, P) Areal
UK/Ireland [74] 1991-2000 Incidence Mortality CIF or CMF None 127 21 (M, F) Areal
USA [75] 1950-1994 Mortality DSR, CIF None 3055 41 (M, F) Areal
  1. a. When multiple areas are available, as for some of the online Atlases, the number of regions is the number at the most detailed level.
  2. b. M = males, F = females and P = persons.
  3. c. Ecumene means only populated areas were coloured, Areal indicates that each individual region was coloured, and Isopleth means a continuous gradient was used.
  4. BYM = Besag, York and Mollié
  5. CAR = Conditional AutoRegressive
  6. CIF/CMF = Comparative Incidence/Mortality Figure, and is the ratio of the DSR of the area to the DSR of the entire region or country
  7. DSR = Directly age Standardised Rates
  8. RER = Relative Excess Risk of death
  9. RS = Relative Survival
  10. SIR/SMR = indirectly Standardised Incidence/Mortality Ratio