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Table 2 Odds ratios of having dental caries experience according to gender

From: Changing patterns in the association between regional socio-economic context and dental caries experience according to gender and age: A multilevel study in Korean adults

   Total Women Men
   OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI
Individual level        
 Age (years)   1.03 1.02-1.03 1.04 1.03-1.05 1.02 1.01-1.03
 Gender        
  Men 1.00      
  Women 2.25 1.89-2.69     
 Monthly family income (thousand Korean won)        
  ≥1500 1.00   1.00   1.00  
  1000–1490 1.07 0.85-1.35 1.21 0.85-1.73 0.97 0.71-1.32
  500–990 1.00 0.80-1.26 1.09 0.77-1.55 0.92 0.68-1.24
  <500 1.13 0.82-1.54 1.06 0.67-1.69 1.13 0.74-1.72
 Tooth-brushing frequency (number/day)        
  ≥3 1.00   1.00   1.00  
  2 1.00 0.83-1.21 0.88 0.66-1.16 1.09 0.84-1.41
  0–1 1.15 0.80-1.64 0.86 0.45-1.62 1.32 0.85-2.05
 Regular dental clinic visits        
  Yes 1.00   1.00   1.00  
  No 1.40 1.07-1.82 1.34 0.90-1.99 1.50 1.04-2.15
Regional level        
 Factor I (degree of urbanisation)        
  highest 1.00   1.00   1.00  
  high 1.02 0.75-1.39 0.96 0.62-1.48 1.11 0.76-1.60
  middle 1.04 0.75-1.45 0.89 0.56-1.43 1.19 0.79-1.78
  low 1.09 0.76-1.54 1.31 0.75-2.29 0.97 0.64-1.46
  lowest 1.13 0.72-1.77 0.89 0.47-1.71 1.43 0.81-2.54
 Factor II (density of services and medical facilities)        
  highest 1.00   1.00   1.00  
  high 0.99 0.70-1.38 0.89 0.55-1.46 1.07 0.71-1.60
  middle 1.60 1.12 - 2.29 1.48 0.87-2.51 1.71 1.10 - 2.66
  low 1.10 0.77-1.58 0.99 0.59-1.66 1.14 0.73-1.78
  lowest 1.27 0.90-1.80 1.06 0.64-1.74 1.56 1.01 - 2.39
 Factor III (dependence on manufacturing industry)        
  highest 1.00   1.00   1.00  
  high 0.99 0.69-1.41 1.02 0.60-1.73 0.98 0.63-1.50
  middle 1.14 0.82-1.59 1.15 0.72-1.86 1.11 0.73-1.68
  low 1.38 0.93-2.04 1.32 0.75-2.32 1.41 0.87-2.31
  lowest 1.51 1.09 - 2.08 1.51 0.95-2.39 1.53 1.03 - 2.28
 Factor IV (financial health of local government)        
  highest 1.00   1.00   1.00  
  high 1.43 1.07 - 1.93 1.14 0.74-1.74 1.75 1.22 - 2.52
  middle 1.22 0.90-1.65 1.07 0.69-1.68 1.29 0.89-1.87
  low 1.19 0.86-1.65 0.88 0.55-1.41 1.50 1.00 - 2.25
  lowest 1.11 0.81-1.53 0.92 0.59-1.45 1.32 0.89-1.96
  1. *Statistically significant p-values are indicated in bold.
  2. OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval.