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Table 1 Existing gridded global and continental population datasets and their main characteristics.

From: Large-scale spatial population databases in infectious disease research

Code Dataset Producer Method Level of transparency in data and methodology used Spatial resolution Year(s) represented Updates Distribution policy References
GPW Gridded Population of the World National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis (NCGIA), University of California;
Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN), Columbia university
GPW1: pycnophylactic; GPW2 and GPW3: areal-weighted High 2.5 arcminutes (~5 km) 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, 20101, 20151 1995,2000,2004 Open-access [42, 46, 48, 49]
GRUMP Global Rural Urban Mapping Project Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN), Columbia university; International Food Policy Research Institute; The World Bank; Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical Dasymetric High 30 arcseconds (~1 km) 1990, 1995, 2000 2000, 2004 Open-access [44]
LandScan LandScan Global Population database Oak Ridge National
Smart Low 30 arcseconds (~1 km) year of release 1998; yearly from 2000 to 2010 Commercial [5759]
UNEP UN Environment Programme global population datasets United Nations Environment Programme/Global Resource Information Database (UNEP/GRID), Sioux Falls Smart High 2.5 arcminutes (~5 km) 2000 1996, 2004 Open-access [5355]
AfriPop AfriPop population dataset for Africa AfriPop project: University of Oxford, University of Florida and Université Libre de Bruxelles Dasymetric High 3 arcseconds (~100 m) 2010 2011 Open-access [51, 52]
  1. 1 Based on extrapolations of older datasets using UN growth rates