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Table 3 Multiple regression coefficients, standard errors (SE), and p-values.

From: Permitted water pollution discharges and population cancer and non-cancer mortality: toxicity weights and upstream discharge effects in US rural-urban areas

  Metropolitan   Adjacent non- metropolitan   Non-adjacent non- metropolitan  
  Coeff. (SE) P < Coeff. (SE) P < Coeff. (SE) P <
All-Cancer mortality 0.32 (.18) 0.08 0.38 (.28) 0.18 0.32 (.51) 0.53
Kidney disease mortality 0.14 (.08) 0.07 0.21 (.12) 0.08 0.55 (.18) 0.003
Total non-cancer mortality 1.21 (.82) 0.15 1.41 (1.20) 0.25 6.85 (2.17) 0.002
  1. age-adjusted mortality rates and discharges by metropolitan status
  2. Models control for college education rates, smoking rates, adult obesity rates, supply of primary care physicians, poverty rate, percent African American, percent Native American, percent non-white Hispanic, percent Asian American, and percent other non-white race (percent white serving as the referent). Model F values for all models significant at p < .0001