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Table 4 Multiple regression results including covariates, for age-adjusted mortality rates and area-weighted and toxicity weighted discharges

From: Permitted water pollution discharges and population cancer and non-cancer mortality: toxicity weights and upstream discharge effects in US rural-urban areas

  All-Cancer mortality1   Kidney disease mortality2   Total non- cancer mortality3  
  Coeff. (SE) P < Coeff. (SE) P < Coeff. (SE) P <
Log of non-carcinogen area weighted and toxicity weighted discharges NA -- 0.25 (.06) < 0.0001 2.30 (.69) 0.0009
Log of carcinogen area weighted and toxicity weighted discharges 0.35 (.16) 0.03 NA -- NA --
Percent adults with college education -0.78 (.09) < 0.0001 -0.11 (.02) < 0.0001 -28 .5 < 0.0001
Adult smoking rate 1.24 (.12) < 0.0001 0.18 (.03) < 0.0001 3.25 (.35) < 0.0001
Adult obesity rate 0.43 (.18) 0.02 0.17 (.05) 0.002 2.88 (.52) < 0.0001
Per capita primary care doctors 1.83 (1.61) 0.26 -0.47 (.52) 0.37 7.03 (4.66) 0.14
Poverty rate 1.11 (.11) < 0.0001 0.20 (.03) < 0.0001 5.38 (.30) < 0.0001
Percent African American 0.20 (.04) < 0.0001 0.14 (.01) < 0.0001 1.50 (.12) < 0.0001
Percent Native American -0.22 (.08) 0.004 0.03 (.03) 0.23 0.45 (.22) 0.04
Percent Hispanic -0.91 (.09) < 0.0001 0.03 (.03) 0.36 -2.16 (.27) < 0.0001
Percent Asian American 0.65 (.34) 0.07 -0.19 (.09) 0.04 -0.07 (.99) 0.94
Percent other race 0.76 (.22) 0.0007 -0.17 (.07) 0.02 3.63 (.65) < 0.0001
Metropolitan county 9.98 (1.39) < 0.0001 0.02 (.40) 0.97 38.52 (4.03) < 0.0001
Adjacent, non- metropolitan county 1.90 (1.22) 0.12 -0.09 (.37) 0.82 9.00 (3.52) 0.02
  1. 1. Model F = 123.1 (df = 13, 3068), p < .0001; adjusted R-square = .34
  2. 2. Model F = 97.9 (df = 13, 2384), p < .0001; adjusted R-square = .34
  3. 3. Model F = 255.6 (df = 13, 3068), p < .0001; adjusted R-square = .52