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Table 1 Descriptive characteristics of parks and park users by study site, neighborhood walkability and neighborhood income

From: Associations of neighborhood characteristics with active park use: an observational study in two cities in the USA and Belgium

   Study site Walkability Income
  Total Ghent San Diego Low High Low High
Number of parks 20 10 10 11 9 11 9
Park size in hectare (mean [SD]) 7.6 (7.7) 6.0 (5.8) 8.5 (8.4) 10.5 (8.6) 3.2 (1.5) 4.4 (4.3) 10.7 (8.8)
SOPARC observations        
Total observed individuals (n) 1836 766 1070 958 878 699 1137
Gender (n[%])        
 Male 1099 (59.9) 393 (51.3) 706 (66.0) 622 (64.9) 477 (54.3) 440 (62.9) 659 (58.0)
 Female 737 (40.1) 373 (48.7) 364 (34.0) 336 (35.1) 401 (45.7) 259 (37.1) 478 (42.0)
Age group (n[%])        
 Children 409 (22.3) 106 (13.8) 303 (28.3) 212 (22.1) 197 (22.4) 94 (13.4) 315 (27.7)
 Adolescents 509 (27.7) 350 (45.7) 159 (14.9) 225 (23.5) 284 (32.3) 122 (17.5) 387 (34.0)
 Adults 861 (46.9) 270 (35.3) 591 (55.2) 491 (51.3) 370 (42.0) 438 (62.7) 423 (37.2)
 Older adults 57 (3.1) 40 (5.2) 17 (1.6) 30 (3.1) 27 (0.3) 45 (6.4) 12 (1.1)
Ethnicity (n[%])        
 Latino 205 (11.2) 0 (0) 205 (19.2) 135 (14.1) 70 (7.9) 111 (15.9) 94 (8.3)
 Black 138 (7.5) 5 (0.7) 133 (12.4) 48 (5.0) 90 (10.3) 78 (11.2) 60 (5.3)
 White 1238 (67.4) 685 (89.4) 553 (51.7) 657 (68.6) 581 (66.2) 434 (62.1) 804 (70.7)
 Other 249 (13.6) 70 (9.1) 179 (16.7) 118 (12.3) 131 (14.9) 72 (10.3) 177 (15.6)
 Missing 6 (0.3) 6 (0.8) 0 (0) 0 (0) 6 (0.7) 4 (0.5) 2 (0.1)
Activity level (n[%])        
 Sedentary 825 (44.9) 410 (53.5) 415 (38.8) 344 (35.9) 481 (54.8) 283 (40.5) 542 (47.7)
 Walking 336 (18.3) 159 (20.8) 177 (16.5) 160 (16.7) 176 (20.0) 140 (20.0) 196 (17.2)
 Vigorous activity 663 (36.1) 185 (24.2) 478 (44.7) 454 (47.4) 209 (23.8) 273 (39.1) 390 (34.3)
 Missing 12 (0.7) 12 (1.5) 0 (0) 0 (0) 12 (1.4) 3 (0.4) 9 (0.8)
METs/observation (mean [SD]) 1.1 (1.8) 1.2 (1.8) 1.0 (1.9) 1.1 (1.9) 1.1 (1.7) 1.1 (1.9) 1.0 (1.8)
EAPRS observations        
% of parks with park features        
 Trail 40.0 40.0 40.0 45.5 33.3 54.5 22.2
 Path 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
 Open space 80.0 90.0 70.0 90.9 66.7 81.8 77.8
 Swimming pool 5.0 0.0 10.0 9.1 0.0 0.0 11.1
 Play area 85.0 80.0 90.0 100.0 66.7 82.8 88.9
 Sports field 55.0 40.0 70.0 63.6 44.4 45.5 66.7
 Skating area 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
% of parks with park amenities        
 Places to sit 90.0 90.0 90.0 100.0 77.8 90.9 88.9
 Pond/lake 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
 Drinking fountain 40.0 10.0 70.0 45.5 33.3 45.5 33.3
 Picnic area 50.0 0.0 100.0 45.5 55.6 0.0 55.6
 Vending amenities 15.0 10.0 20.0 18.2 11.1 54.5 33.3
 Restroom 60.0 30.0 90.0 63.6 55.6 54.5 66.7
 Table 50.0 10.0 90.0 36.4 66.7 45.5 55.6
 Bike racks 50.0 40.0 60.0 45.5 55.6 36.4 66.7
 Parking lot 50.0 30.0 70.0 45.5 55.6 18.2 88.9
Total park features (mean [SD]) 3.8 (0.8) 3.5 (0.7) 3.8 (1.4) 4.1 (0.5) 3.1 (1.1) 3.6 (1.1) 3.7 (0.7)
Total park amenities (mean [SD]) 4.7 (2.1) 2.2 (1.5) 5.9 (1.1) 4.0 (2.4) 4.1 (2.3) 3.4 (2.0) 4.9 (2.4)
  1. SD = standard deviation.