Skip to main content

Table 3 Multivariate logistic regression models for overall medical unmet needs and the three categories of reasons

From: Geographical variation of unmet medical needs in Italy: a multivariate logistic regression analysis

Variable Overall Availability Accessibility Aceptability
Sex     
  Male 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
  Female 1.20 [1.08-1.33]*** 1.06 [0.86-1.3] 1.23 [1.05-1.45]** 1.23 [1.02-1.49]**
Age     
  18-44 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
  45-64 0.84 [0.73-0.97]** 1.14 [0.87-1.51] 0.80 [0.65-0.98]** 0.69 [0.53-0.88]***
  65+ 0.48 [0.40-0.57]*** 1.20 [0.86-1.68] 0.28 0.57 [0.40-0.83]***
Education     
  Primary 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
  Secondary 1.03 [0.91-1.16] 0.99 [0.78-1.25] 0.95 1.17 [0.95-1.45]
  Tertiary 0.91 [0 .74-1.13] 0.76 [0.49-1.16] 0.57 [0.37-0.88]** 1.34 [0.95-1.88]*
Marital status     
  Married 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
  Unmarried 0.88 [0 .77-1.01]* 1.11 [0.84-1.47] 0.75 [0.61-0.93]*** 0.82 [0.63-1.06]
  Separated/divorced/widowed 1.41 [1.22-1.62]*** 1.23 [0.93-1.62] 1.57 [1.27-1.94]*** 1.16 [0.88-1.53]
Employment status     
  Currently working 1.36 [1.20-1.54]*** 1.33 [1.04-1.69]** 1.14 [0.94-1.38] 1.82 [1.44-2.29]***
  Other 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Equivalised income quintile     
  0-20% 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
  20-40% 0.67 [0.58-0.77]*** 0.91 [0.69-1.19] 0.52 [0.43-0.64]*** 0.97 [0.75-1.27]
  40-60% 0.57 [0.49-0.66]*** 1.03 [0.77-1.37] 0.43 [0.34-0.53]*** 0.78 [0.56-1.05]*
  60-80% 0.51 [0.43-0.60]*** 1.03 [0.76-1.41] 0.32 [0.25-0.41]*** 0.77 [0.56-1.05]*
  80-100% 0.53 [0.44-0.62]*** 1.00 [0.73-1.36] 0.21 [0.15-0.30]*** 1.05 [0.77-1.42]
Health status     
  very good 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
  good 1.52 [1.23-1.89]*** 1.71 [1.09-2.66]** 1.19 [0.84-1.68] 1.88 [1.30-2.72]***
  fair 3.04 [2.41-3.84]*** 3.52 [2.21-5.62]*** 2.46 [1.69-3.57]*** 3.31 [2.24-4.91]***
  bad 2.91 [2.20-3.85]*** 2.57 [1.48-4.45]*** 3.52 [2.27-5.43]*** 1.79 [1.08-2.98]**
  very bad 4.6 [3.26-6.48]*** 3.28 [1.65-6.48]*** 5.77 [3.49-9.55]*** 1.40 [0.64-3.06]
Suffering from any chronic condition     
  No chronic 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
  Chronic 1.26 [1.11-1.44]*** 1.06 [0.82-1.37] 1.44 [1.19-1.73]*** 1.03 [0.79-1.34]
Limitation in daily activities     
  No limited 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
  Limited 2.21 [1.90-2.57]*** 1.72 [1.31-2.26]*** 2.21 [1.76-2.79]*** 2.28 [1.70-3.05]***
Geographical macro-area     
  North-West 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
  North-East 0.91 [0.77-1.07] 0.74 [0.53-1.05]* 0.74 [0.57-0.95]** 1.21 [0.91-1.62]
  Centre 1.23 [1.05-1.44]*** 1.55 [1.16-2.07]*** 1.02 [0.79-1.32] 1.26 [0.92-1.71]
  South 2.0 [1.73-2.31]*** 2.21 [1.66-2.94]*** 1.78 [1.44-2.20]*** 2.17 [1.64-2.87]***
  Islands 1.61 [1.34-1.93]*** 2.42 [1.70-3.43]*** 1.19 [0.91-1.57] 2.07 [1.47-2.92]***
  1. Note: All results are weighted. Adjusted odds ratios. Higher numbers indicate a greater odds of the outcome. 95% confidence intervals in parentheses.
  2. ***,** and * indicate significance at 1%, 5% and 10%, respectively.