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Table 1 Descriptive statistics

From: Older adults’ transportation walking: a cross-sectional study on the cumulative influence of physical environmental factors

Variables Descriptives
Age (M ± SD) 74.2 ± 6.4
Gender (% female) 55.5
Marital status (%)  
 Married / cohabiting 68.0
 Divorced / never married 6.2
 Widowed 25.8
Educational level (%)  
 Primary 46.1
 Lower secondary 27.7
 Higher secondary 16.1
 Tertiary 10.0
Monthly Income (%)  
 500 - 999 euro 26.4
 1000 - 1499 euro 38.2
 1500 - 1999 euro 19.9
 ≥ 2000 euro 15.6
Number of functional limitations1 (M ± SD) 2.5 ± 2.6
Area of residence (%)  
 Rural 32.7
 Semi-urban 34.8
 Urban 32.5
Environmental index2 (M ± SD) 4.7 ± 1.6
Distance to services3 (%)  
 Large 22.3
 Medium 23.4
 Short 54.3
Daily walking for transportation (%) 34.9
  1. M mean, SD Standard deviation.
  2. 1Number of activities of daily living in which participants reported to be limited (range: 0 - 7).
  3. 2Number of favorable environmental factors participants reported to be present in their neighborhood (range: 0 - 7).
  4. 3“Facilities (e.g. shop, bank, etc.) are located within short distances from my home”. Large= completely inapplicable/inapplicable; medium= neutral/applicable; short= completely applicable.