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Table 1 Five components of neighborhood social capital: overview of indicators and results of factor and reliability analyses

From: Neighborhood differences in social capital in Ghent (Belgium): a multilevel approach

Summative scale and individual items Coding Factor loadings (1) & Cronbach’s Alpha (2)
Social cohesion   0.83 (2)
1. People around here are willing to help their neighbors Strongly Agree → Strongly Disagree** 0.78 (1)
2. This is a close-knit neighborhood Strongly Agree → Strongly Disagree** 0.71 (1)
3. People in this neighborhood can be trusted Strongly Agree → Strongly Disagree** 0.69 (1)
4. Contacts between inhabitants in this neighborhood are generally positive Strongly Agree → Strongly Disagree** 0.81 (1)
Informal social control   0.87 (2)
How likely is it that you could count on neighbors intervening when…   
1. Children were skipping school and hang out on a street corner Very Likely → Very Unlikely** 0.69 (1)
2. Children were spray-painting graffiti on a local building Very Likely → Very Unlikely** 0.74 (1)
3. Children were showing disrespect to an adult Very Likely → Very Unlikely** 0.74 (1)
4. A fight breaks out in front of their house Very Likely → Very Unlikely** 0.75 (1)
5. Children were making too much racket Very Likely → Very Unlikely** 0.70 (1)
6. Children are using soft drugs (smoking weed, hasj, etc.) Very Likely → Very Unlikely** 0.74 (1)
Social support   0.79 (2)
1. People in this neighborhood give or advice to each other (emotional/informational support). Never → Often* 0.70 (1)
2. People in this neighborhood give material aid and assistance to each other (tangible support) Never → Often* 0.80 (1)
3. People in this neighborhood show affection for each other (affectionate support). Never → Often* 0.61 (1)
4. People in this neighborhood can call on each other to do enjoyable things (positive social interaction). Never → Often* 0.68 (1)
Social Leverage   0.88 (2)
How often does it happen that people in this neighborhood give each other advice on…   
1. Child rearing Never → Often* 0.71 (1)
2. Job openings Never → Often* 0.80 (1)
3. Welfare and other benefits Never → Often* 0.77 (1)
4. Education and courses Never → Often* 0.81 (1)
5. Finances Never → Often* 0.74 (1)
Generalized Trust   0.76 (2)
Most people in this neighborhood can be trusted 0 → 10 0.71 (1)
Most people in this neighborhood would try to take advantage of you 0 → 10 0.75 (1)
Most people in this neighborhood try to be helpful 0 → 10 0.68 (1)
  1. Note: * 4- point Likert scale; **5- point Likert scale; original questionnaire in Dutch.