Skip to main content

Table 3 Fixed and random parameters of the social cohesion multilevel models

From: Neighborhood differences in social capital in Ghent (Belgium): a multilevel approach

  Model 0 Model 1a Model 1b Model 2a Model 2b
  β (SE) β (SE) β (SE) β (SE) β (SE)
Fixed effects      
Constant 14.241 (0.215)*** 14.903 (0.246)*** 14.920 (0.199)*** 15.038 (0.219)*** 15.121 (0.170)***
Level 1      
Female   −0.031 (0.199)   −0.034 (0.198)  
65 years or older   0.086 (0.257)   0.050 (0.256)  
Low education level   −0.001 (0.288)   0.058 (0.283)  
Single   −0.572 (0.231)* −0.527 (0.228)* −0.493 (0.230)* −0.491 (0.226)*
Not Belgian   0.076 (0.329)   0.276 (0.329)  
Weak neighborhood attachment   −1.941 (0.236)*** −1.962 (0.233)*** −1.891 (0.233)*** −1.901 (0.230)***
<5 years of residence   −0.009 (0.236)   0.076 (0.235)  
Level 2      
Deprived neighborhood     −0.960 (0.337)* −0.977 (0.351)**
Percentage of elderly     −0.156 (0.142)  
Turnover     −0.552 (0.173)*** −0.557 (0.143)***
Physical disorder     −0.188 (0.177)  
Random effects      
Level 1      
Constant 7.852 (0.414)*** 7.244 (0.384)*** 7.246 (0.383)*** 7.232 (0.383)*** 7.253 (0.383)***
Level 2      
Constant 1.510 (0.425)*** 0.964 (0.300)*** 0.944 (0.295)*** 0.247 (0.143) 0.298 (0.154)
Intraclass correlation 0.161 0.117 0.115 0.033 0.039
Log likelihood 3795,593 3688,729 3714,429 3656,402 3685,974
∆ Log likelihood (∆ df)   106,864 81,164 139,191 109,619
P   < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
  1. Note: *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001.
  2. Model 0: null model without level 1 and level 2 variables; Model 1a: model with only level 1 variables; Model 1b: parsimonious model with only level 1 variables; Model 2a: model with level 1 and level 2 variables; Model 2b: parsimonious model with level 1 and level 2 variables.