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Table 4 Fixed and random parameters of the informal social control multilevel models

From: Neighborhood differences in social capital in Ghent (Belgium): a multilevel approach

  Model 0 Model 1a Model 1b Model 2a Model 2b
  β (SE) β (SE) β (SE) β (SE) β (SE)
Fixed effects      
Constant 18.883 (0.369)*** 19.341 (0.463)*** 19.358 (0.360)*** 19.569 (0.401)*** 19.719 (0.283)***
Level 1      
Female   0.268 (0.370)   0.246 (0.368)  
65 years or older   −0.805 (0.476)   −0.884 (0.475)  
Low education level   0.385 (0.536)   0.330 (0.526)  
Single   0.283 (0.430)   0.429 (0.427)  
Not Belgian   −0.894 (0.610)   −0.461 (0.610)  
Weak neighborhood attachment   −1.858 (0.439)*** −1.725 (0.434)*** −1.775 (0.432)*** −1.631 (0.428)***
<5 years of residence   0.267 (0.439)   0.397 (0.436)  
Level 2      
Deprived neighborhood     −1.479 (0.681)* −1.644 (0.624)*
Percentage of elderly     −0.268 (0.256)  
Turnover     −1.236 (0.312)*** −1.224 (0.254)***
Physical disorder     −0.329 (0.318)  
Random effects      
Level 1      
Constant 25.541 (1.348)*** 24.885 (1.319)*** 25.277 (1.336)*** 6.667 (0.344)*** 25.263 (1.335)***
Level 2      
Constant 4.277 (1.256)*** 3.551 (1.083)*** 3.429 (1.057)*** 0.000 (0.000) 0.804 (0.487)
Intraclass correlation 0.143 0.125 0.119 0.000 0.031
Log likelihood 4671,624 4603,412 4651,175 4567,579 4617,973
∆ Log likelihood (∆ df)   68,212 20,449 104,045 53,651
P   < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
  1. Note: *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001.
  2. Model 0: null model without level 1 and level 2 variables; Model 1a: model with only level 1 variables; Model 1b: parsimonious model with only level 1 variables; Model 2a: model with level 1 and level 2 variables; Model 2b: parsimonious model with level 1 and level 2 variables.