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Table 6 Fixed and random parameters of the social leverage multilevel models

From: Neighborhood differences in social capital in Ghent (Belgium): a multilevel approach

  Model 0 Model 1a Model 1b Model 2a Model 2b
  β (SE) β (SE) β (SE) β (SE) β (SE)
Fixed effects      
Constant 9.291 (0.178)*** 10.116 (0.261)*** 9.972 (0.194)*** 9.918 (0.265)*** 9.969 (0.189)***
Level 1      
Female   −0.348 (0.257)   −0.348 (0.257)  
65 years or older   −0.743 (0.331)* −0.905 (0.304)** −0.679 (0.333)  
Low education level   −0.525 (0.364)   −0.579 (0.363)  
Single   0.087 (0.297)   0.196 (0.297)  
Not Belgian   0.559 (0.416)   0.605 (0.424)  
Weak neighborhood attachment   −1.736 (0.298)*** −1.775 (0.296)*** −1.717 (0.300)*** −1.716 (0.297)***
<5 years of residence   −0.013 (0.299)   0.100 (0.302)  
Level 2      
Deprived neighborhood     0.557 (0.424)  
Percentage of elderly     −0.292 (0.158)  
Turnover     −0.418 (0.195)* −0.262 (0.154)
Physical disorder     −0.150 (0.197)  
Random effects      
Level 1      
Constant 12.649 (0.672)*** 11.975 (0.639)*** 12.057 (0.642)*** 11.975 (0.639)*** 12.056 (0.642)***
Level 2      
Constant 0.612 (0.291)* 0.329 (0.222) 0.367 (0.231) 0.130 (0.179) 0.300 (0.216)
Intraclass correlation 0.046 0.027 0.030 0.011 0.019
Log likelihood 4057,65 3969,854 4003,094 3960,668 4000,306
∆ Log likelihood (∆ df)   87,796 54,556 96,982 57,344
P   < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
  1. Note: *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001.
  2. Model 0: null model without level 1 and level 2 variables; Model 1a: model with only level 1 variables; Model 1b: parsimonious model with only level 1 variables; Model 2a: model with level 1 and level 2 variables; Model 2b: parsimonious model with level 1 and level 2 variables.