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Table 3 Logistic regression with village level random intercepts

From: Spatial autocorrelation in uptake of antenatal care and relationship to individual, household and village-level factors: results from a community-based survey of pregnant women in six districts in western Kenya

  Bungoma East (N = 3008) Teso North (N = 521) Chulaimbo (N = 736) Bunyala (N = 1031) Burnt Forest (N = 299) Kapsaret (N = 582)
  OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
(Intercept) 1.977 1.213 3.233 0.815 0.220 3.022 5.980 1.862 20.60 0.880 0.339 2.312 1.460 0.338 6.461 1.173 0.367 3.874
Age (ref. Age 35+)                   
  Age < 18 0.783 0.515 1.191 1.584 0.438 6.190 0.479 0.178 1.259 0.895 0.385 2.074 2.324 0.378 15.44 0.384 0.071 1.875
  Age 18 to 24 1.254 0.941 1.670 2.150 0.986 4.681 0.870 0.380 1.915 1.836 1.058 3.192 1.370 0.578 3.291 1.237 0.623 2.440
  Age 25 to 34 1.188 0.912 1.548 1.621 0.822 3.181 0.810 0.370 1.701 1.591 0.927 2.734 2.241 1.033 4.951 1.472 0.797 2.701
Marital Status (ref. Single/Never Married)                   
  Married/Partnered 0.829 0.625 1.097 0.810 0.432 1.482 0.829 0.511 1.330 0.975 0.691 1.371 0.464 0.232 0.913 1.375 0.854 2.211
  Divorced/Separated/Widowed 1.152 0.678 1.971 1.417 0.388 5.835 1.186 0.517 2.809 0.870 0.469 1.615 0.072 0.010 0.399 0.901 0.343 2.393
Housework (ref. No housework)                   
  10 hours or less/week 0.700 0.502 0.969 3.482 1.338 9.193 0.642 0.244 1.580 1.041 0.461 2.305 0.658 0.181 2.328 1.417 0.496 3.952
  11 to 34 hours/week 0.612 0.431 0.865 3.437 1.439 8.266 0.762 0.307 1.752 1.044 0.480 2.224 0.896 0.271 2.884 1.289 0.507 3.149
  Greater than 35 hours/week 0.689 0.483 0.979 2.945 1.236 7.075 0.517 0.206 1.207 0.887 0.408 1.886 0.652 0.197 2.098 0.893 0.345 2.215
Work for pay (ref. No work for pay)                   
  10 hours or less/week 0.866 0.658 1.139 0.378 0.171 0.839 0.656 0.363 1.196 1.508 0.875 2.641 0.889 0.346 2.269 0.906 0.438 1.905
  11 to 34 hours/week 0.768 0.585 1.009 0.621 0.354 1.098 1.294 0.810 2.096 0.701 0.497 0.987 1.028 0.513 2.059 0.759 0.456 1.265
  Greater than 35 hours/week 0.723 0.516 1.013 0.657 0.344 1.270 0.731 0.412 1.311 0.617 0.387 0.982 0.378 0.173 0.804 0.689 0.407 1.170
Total household members 0.926 0.667 1.286 0.881 0.384 2.026 1.359 0.626 2.995 1.072 0.593 1.949 1.041 0.346 3.177 1.033 0.496 2.175
Number of children ≤5y in HH 0.841 0.681 1.038 0.968 0.590 1.589 0.595 0.358 0.979 0.601 0.417 0.861 0.896 0.468 1.710 0.828 0.527 1.299
Number of children 6 –13y in HH 0.979 0.748 1.281 1.020 0.489 2.127 0.857 0.427 1.715 1.106 0.658 1.854 1.296 0.490 3.442 1.106 0.543 2.250
Nearest health facility (ref. Dispensary)                   
  Health center 1.090 0.849 1.399 0.857 0.521 1.407 0.990 0.588 1.673 1.191 0.764 1.863 0.814 0.412 1.608 0.948 0.566 1.576
  Hospital 1.052 0.822 1.347 0.310 0.108 0.891 0.749 0.483 1.157 1.024 0.707 1.485       
Distance to nearest health facility 0.948 0.796 1.130 1.013 0.597 1.730 0.838 0.582 1.202 0.931 0.695 1.245 1.484 0.799 2.767 1.146 0.750 1.750
Distance to road 1.229 1.014 1.490 0.772 0.480 1.225 1.165 0.794 1.709 1.271 0.920 1.763 1.294 0.633 2.658 1.160 0.698 1.929
Total animals owned by household 1.132 0.961 1.339 1.127 0.738 1.754 1.129 0.783 1.682 1.650 1.188 2.355 1.894 0.928 4.328 0.955 0.656 1.421
Household owns land 1.037 0.847 1.270 0.848 0.493 1.448 0.921 0.625 1.355 1.185 0.877 1.603 1.496 0.857 2.626 0.993 0.658 1.496
Percent of children attending school 1.058 0.881 1.271 1.222 0.755 1.991 1.213 0.848 1.738 1.184 0.890 1.577 0.857 0.507 1.452 1.342 0.902 2.005
Average number of animals 0.871 0.701 1.081 1.575 0.895 2.820 0.869 0.575 1.313 1.277 0.916 1.788 0.987 0.557 1.750 0.789 0.489 1.266
Fraction of households owning land 1.235 0.971 1.571 1.318 0.737 2.364 0.911 0.595 1.386 0.769 0.541 1.091 0.938 0.516 1.699 0.821 0.506 1.329
Pregnancies in village (per 1000) 0.799 0.666 0.957 0.946 0.577 1.557 1.176 0.820 1.692 1.516 1.111 2.119 0.386 0.220 0.667 0.838 0.561 1.247
Median odds ratio for village-level random effects 1.847 1.668 2.030 1.700 1.249 2.221 1.796 1.377 2.257 1.675 1.318 2.047 1.401 1.203 1.700 1.935 1.511 2.405
DIC 4076    670    947    1419    421    800   
  1. Odds ratios reflect the mean of the posterior distribution for each parameter estimate.
  2. Results significant at 95% level in bold.