Skip to main content

Table 3 Changes to the built environment and to walking behaviors (N = 146)

From: How do changes to the built environment influence walking behaviors? a longitudinal study within a university campus in Hong Kong

  Baseline survey Follow-up survey Changea p-valueb
Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
Measures of walking behavior        
Walking distance (meters) 3206.25 1176.51 3290.11 2019.95 83.86 2011.93 0.03
Walking ratio 0.89 0.55 0.9 0.92 0.01 0.11 0.02
Walked altitude range (meters) 100.42 96.5 99.2 64.19 −1.22 42.56 0.05
Measures of the built environment        
Exposure to work area 165487.94 59754.43 177728.62 63550.89 32072.23 77222.46 0.04
Exposure to life area 54951.15 25023.8 54786.02 24717.66 20847.84 32900.71 n.s.c
Exposure to pedestrian network intersection 54.42 29.73 62.75 32.91 7.9 38.56 0.01
Exposure to regular bus stops 5.82 5.17 16.93 10.57 10.64 10.87 <0.001
Exposure to middle-class bus stops 10.76 10.56 6.31 5.29 −3.64 9.48 <0.001
Exposure to population density 0.34 0.12 0.43 0.16 0.1 0.17 <0.001
  1. aEach subject’s change in exposure is calculated using follow-up survey minus baseline survey data.
  2. bp refers to the result of t-test comparing the mean in the baseline survey with that in the follow-up survey.
  3. cn.s. = not significant; p > .05.