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Table 1 Baseline socio-demographic characteristics of study population (n = 15,854)

From: Spatial pattern of body mass index among adults in the diabetes study of Northern California (DISTANCE)

Variable Number Percent
Age (years)
30-51 3,794 23.93
52-64 6,941 43.78
≥ 65 5,119 32.29
Sex
Female 7,799 49.19
Male 8,055 50.81
Race/ethnicity
White non-Latino 3,708 23.39
African American 2,818 17.77
Latino 3,023 19.07
Asian 4,298 27.11
Other* 2,007 12.66
Income to poverty ratio**
> 600% poverty level 2,691 16.97
301-600% 4,526 28.55
101-300% 4,074 25.7
0-100% 1,391 8.77
Missing 3,172 20.01
Marital status
Married 10,941 69.01
Living Together 370 2.33
Divorced/Separated 1,900 11.98
Widowed 1,265 7.98
Never married 1,338 8.44
Missing 40 0.25
Education
No high school degree 2,437 15.37
High school/GED/technical school diploma 6,620 41.76
Associate degree 1,800 11.35
College graduate 3,185 20.09
Post graduate 1,537 9.69
Missing education 275 1.73
Nativity
Born in USA 9,901 62.45
Born outside USA 5,930 37.4
Missing nativity 23 0.14
  1. *Other race/ethnicity category includes Pacific Islander, American Indian/Native American, and Alaskan Native.
  2. **Poverty level defined as self-reported family income for a given age and household size divided by the 2005 poverty level income for the same age and household size.