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Table 5 Results from multilevel linear regression models of differences in food outlet exposure between GIS and GPS routes

From: How well do modelled routes to school record the environments children are exposed to?: a cross-sectional comparison of GIS-modelled and GPS-measured routes to school

   Univariate
    95% CIs  
   B Lower Upper  
Straight-line distance (km) 0.04 −0.21 0.30  
Journey type (ref to school) From school 1.53 0.80 2.27 **
Sex (ref male) Female 0.35 −1.37 2.08  
Travel mode (ref car) Bus 0.59 −1.65 2.84  
Bike −1.66 −5.92 2.60  
Foot −1.74 −4.07 0.59  
Home location (ref urban) Town & Fringe −1.78 −4.13 0.58  
Village etc. 0.55 −1.54 2.64  
School location relative to school (ref no diff) School less urban 1.21 −2.89 5.31  
School more urban 1.58 −0.21 3.37  
Variance partition coefficients Variance VPCa  
 Level 1 (Route)   42.24 60.44%  
 Level 2 (Participant)   27.29 39.06%  
 Level 3 (School)   0.35 0.50%  
  1. **p < 0.01, aVariance Partition Coefficient.