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Table 3 Number of significant zip codes for the different types of cluster/outliers and neutral models. Results are reported for male lung cancer. Numbers between parentheses indicate zip codes that have similar classification under the reference Model I (CSR). Summary statistics for the p-values are also provided.

From: Accounting for regional background and population size in the detection of spatial clusters and outliers using geostatistical filtering and spatial neutral models: the case of lung cancer in Long Island, New York

  Neutral Model Type
  Model I Model II Model III Model IV Model V Model VI
High-High 8 1(1) 2(1) 15(8) 2(1) 4(1)
High-Low 1 0(0) 0(0) 0(0) 0(0) 0(0)
Low-High 2 1(1) 1(0) 1(1) 0(0) 2(0)
Low-Low 14 0(0) 1(1) 24(14) 2(1) 4(2)
P-value       
Mean 0.185 0.259 0.368 0.166 0.251 0.371
CV 83.4% 54.8% 71.8% 92.9% 58.9% 80.5%