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Table 1 Variables included in the Hamilton neighbourhood analysis. Most definitions were adopted from Statistics Canada health region peer groups Study [55]. Those not adopted from the Statistics Canada study are: median income, married, live alone, population under 20 and non-official language population.

From: Inequalities in neighbourhood socioeconomic characteristics: potential evidence-base for neighbourhood health planning

Variable name Definition
Persons with less than grade 9 education Percentage of the pop 20 years and over with less than grade 9 education
New immigrants The percentage of immigrants who came to Canada from 1996 to 2001
Visible minority Percentage of the population belonging to a visible minority group. As defined by the employment equity act (1986), visible minorities are persons (other than Aboriginal people) who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.
Aboriginal persons Percentage of population reporting at least one Aboriginal origin (North American Indian, M├ętis or Inuit)
Median income Median personal income for persons aged 15 and over, from all sources.
Government transfer income Percentage of all income that came from government transfers (e.g., Canadian pension plan (CPP), guaranteed income supplement (GIS), old age security, etc.) for the population 15 years of age and older.
Incidence of low income (LICO) Percentage of persons in economic families and unattached individuals with 2000 incomes below the Statistics Canada low-income cut-off (LICO). The cut-offs represent levels of income where people spend disproportionate amounts of money for food, shelter, and clothing. LICOs are based on family size and degree of urbanization; cut-offs are updated to account for changes in the consumer price index.
Non-official language pop Percentage of the population not speaking any of the two official languages.
Unemployment rate Total number of unemployed individuals 15 and older divided by the total number of individuals 15 and older participating in the labour force.
Average dwelling value Average expected value of an owner-occupied, non-farm, non-reserve dwelling (including the value of the land the dwelling is on) at the time of the census
Owner-occupied dwellings Percentage of dwellings in which the owner also lives. Band housing and collective dwellings (i.e. rooming houses, nursing homes, military camps etc.) Are excluded from both numerator and denominator.
Population under 20 years old Percentage of the population under the age of 20 years
Population 65 years or older Percentage of the population aged 65 years or older
Single-parent Families Percentage of single-parent families among all census families living in private households. A census family refers to a married or common-law couple or lone parent with at least one never-married son or daughter living in the same household.
Married Percent of legally married persons 15 & over
Live alone Percent of persons living alone in private households
Internal migrant mobility Percent of the population that lived in a different Canadian municipality at the time of the previous census. Excludes Canadians in households outside Canada (military & government personnel)
Population density Total population of a census tract divided by its area in Km2