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Table 1 Selected neighborhood attributes, range, mean and standard deviation for total sample and by race

From: Direct observation of neighborhood attributes in an urban area of the US south: characterizing the social context of pregnancy

Neighborhood Attribute Range Mean (n = 703) Non-Hispanic white (n = 191) Non-Hispanic black (n = 465)
HOUSING & STREET ITEMS     
Presence of multiple dwellings 0–91% 32.2 (24.8) 27.7 (22.6) 41.8 (24.8)*
Presence of only single dwellings 9–100% 59.2 (24.0) 60.4 (19.8) 50.0 (23.4)*
Good housing condition 12–100% 81.5 (21.6) 85.3 (15.3) 73.1 (26.5)*
Presence of yards 57–100% 92.7 (13.3) 92.0 (11.7) 90.2 (11.7)
Good condition of yards 8–100% 74.4 (22.1) 77.4 (17.2) 68.0 (22.9)*
Presence of any litter 0–100% 48.1 (30.4) 41.4 (26.5) 63.0 (27.5)*
Presence of graffiti 0–17% 1.4 (0.3) 1.1 (1.9) 3.1 (4.5)*
Presence of sidewalks 0–100% 54.4 (26.0) 61.0 (23.4) 49.6 (19.9)*
Presence of street lamps 26–100% 89.0 (16.8) 80.6 (21.5) 91.2 (10.6)*
SOCIAL INTERACTION     
People present 0–70% 28.6 (16.8) 27.2 (12.5) 40.4 (19.1)*
Presence of parks 0–46% 6.3 (9.9) 4.3 (4.8) 6.8 (8.4)*
Presence of porches 9–90% 44.5 (20.0) 38.4 (15.0) 45.9 (20.2)*
SYMBOLIC AND PHYSICAL BOUNDARIES     
Presence of decorations 11–82% 57.6 (15.2) 59.9 (12.3) 51.2 (12.5)*
No Trespassing Sign 0–83% 13.0 (15.5) 11.1 (8.5) 21.8 (17.4)*
Neighborhood Sign 0–50% 11.8 (10.0) 14.1 (8.3) 15.7 (9.8)*
Community Watch Sign 0–57% 18.0 (13.8) 17.5 (11.7) 21.1 (11.6)*
Security Warning Signs 0–29% 10.5 (6.7) 9.6 (5.7) 13.5 (7.6)*
Presence of borders (hedges or fences) 0–71% 36.3 (12.8) 35.0 (12.6) 37.0 (12.3)
COMMERCIAL AND PUBLIC SPACES     
Presence of commercial buildings 0–94% 23.6 (20.8) 19.3 (15.2) 26.8 (17.3)*
   Abandoned commercial building 0–50% 3.9 (9.4) 2.2 (8.0) 6.0 (11.0)*
   Security bars on commercial buildings 0–100% 13.0 (20.7) 9.2 (15.0) 17.7 (18.6)*
Presence of new home construction 0–33% 1.8 (5.2) 2.9 (7.2) 1.9 (5.3)
Good condition of public spaces 12–100% 87.3 (14.0) 87.5 (11.0) 83.9 (17.7)*
  1. * Probability of difference in scores (p = <0.05) using two sided t-test for mean differences compared to non-Hispanic white women