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Table 2 Proximal violent crime characteristics of study sample, Raleigh crime report area, 1999–2001*

From: Violent crime exposure classification and adverse birth outcomes: a geographically-defined cohort study

(column percent) NH White N (%) NH Black N (%) % PTB % LBW PR** (95% CI)
Count of violent crimes within one-half mile of all maternal address
Low (0 – 12) 3049 (52.6) 735 (19.0) 7.1 5.3 0.36 (0.34, 0.39)
Medium (13 – 49) 2014 (34.7) 1098 (28.3) 9.0 7.3 0.82 (0.77, 0.87)
High (50 – 633) 736 (12.7) 2043 (52.7) 10.2 8.8 4.15 (3.86, 4.47)
Distance in feet from maternal residence to nearest violent crime
Close (0 – 89) 829 (12.7) 2120 (51.9) 10.2 8.9 4.09 (3.82, 4.39)
Med (89 – 771) 2279 (34.9) 1387 (34.0) 8.7 7.0 0.97 (0.92, 1.03)
Far (772 – 15,616) 3430 (52.5) 577 (14.1) 6.8 4.8 0.27 (0.25, 0.29)
  1. * Distribution, percent preterm, percent low birth weight and prevalence ratios [PR] (95% confidence intervals [95% CI]) for proximal crime variables for women living in Raleigh crime report area, 1999–2001
  2. **PR = prevalence in blacks/prevalence in whites