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Table 4 Association between area-level characteristics and tertiles of block group crime rate 1999–2001*

From: Violent crime exposure classification and adverse birth outcomes: a geographically-defined cohort study

Mean percent (standard deviation) Tertile 1: (0.0 – 0.005) Tertile 2: (0.006 – 0.019) Tertile 3: (0.022 – 0.21) F-test P-value
Black Non-Hispanic 9.7 (11.5) 24.3 (21.5) 52.0 (32.2) P < 0.001
Poverty** 6.1 (5.4) 11.7 (9.9) 22.1 (14.8) P < 0.001
Female headed HH*** 7.1 (4.9) 12.2 (7.9) 21.9 (17.5) P < 0.001
HH income <$30,000 19.5 (10.3) 30.1 (15.3) 47.4 (18.1) P < 0.001
Public assistance 1.2 (1.4) 1.5 (2.8) 5.3 (5.5) P < 0.001
No car 1.4 (1.4) 1.9 (2.4) 8.0 (12.4) P < 0.001
High housing costs**** 23.0 (12.7) 24.5 (10.2) 27.0 (10.1) P = 0.29
Unemployment 2.3 (2.3) 4.2 (5.2) 9.8 (11.7) P < 0.001
Low education***** 6.4 (7.7) 11.5 (9.1) 25.5 (14.6) P < 0.001
Median home value****** 22.0 (88.3) 17.4 (11.1) 12.0 (60.7) P < 0.001
  1. * Percent of block group characteristics and F-statistic P-value comparing mean values for block group crime rate tertiles in Raleigh crime report area, 1999–2001.
  2. ** Percent households reporting living under the 1999 federal poverty line
  3. *** Percent households headed by females with dependent children
  4. **** Specified owner or renter costs in excess of 50% of income
  5. ***** Less than 12 years of education among adults 25 years or older
  6. ****** Median household value(× $10000.00)