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Table 1 Results of local cluster analysis of mortality rate and risk maps. Number of counties classified as significant spatial clusters or outliers for breast and pancreatic cancers on the original mortality rate maps, kriged risk maps, and on average over the 500 simulated risk maps.

From: Geostatistical analysis of disease data: visualization and propagation of spatial uncertainty in cancer mortality risk using Poisson kriging and p-field simulation

Maps HH cluster LL cluster HL Outlier LH outlier
Breast cancer     
Mortality rates 20 39 2 1
Risk estimates 35 50 0 0
Simulation 37.2 48.2 0.18 0.07
Pancreatic cancer     
Mortality rates 5 16 7 0
Risk estimates 42 60 0 0
Simulation 44.5 51.0 0.24 0.08