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Table 2 Location of statistically significant (p ≤ 0.05) terrestrial rabies clusters, New York, 1997–2003. Clusters are shown for models unadjusted for covariates or large scale geographical variation, adjusted for covariates, and adjusted for covariates and large scale geographical variation. Statistically nonsignificant clusters observed in the same location as significant clusters are also shown. (Dash indicates no cluster found).

From: Spatial and temporal patterns of enzootic raccoon rabies adjusted for multiple covariates

   Unadjusted Adjusted for covariates Adjusted for covariates and large scale geographical variation
Year Cluster location Cases observed RR p-value Cases observed RR p-value Cases observed RR p-value
1997           
  Albany 203 6.81 ≤0.001 112 4.8 ≤0.001 28 2.24 0.418
  Albany North (Saratoga) - - - 51 5.54 ≤0.001 51 4.72 ≤0.001
  Finger Lakes East 181 3.88 ≤0.001 172 4.23 ≤0.001 146 1.8 ≤0.001
  South Hudson (Roc-Wes) 60 3.22 ≤0.001 19 2.31 0.973 4 9.08 0.942
1998           
  Albany 172 14.98 ≤0.001 148 5.65 ≤0.001 117 2.24 ≤0.001
  Finger Lakes East 107 2.86 ≤0.001 97 2.62 ≤0.001 6 7.68 0.470
  Finger Lakes North East - - - 42 2.24 0.022 32 2.14 0.334
  Orleans 44 2.85 ≤0.001 3 15.4 0.936 20 3.49 0.015
  South Hudson (Roc-Wes) - - - 12 5.86 0.020 4 26.05 0.083
1999           
  Albany 80 46.06 ≤0.001 102 7.81 ≤0.001 80 2.3 ≤0.001
  Finger Lakes East 89 2.41 ≤0.001 28 7.32 ≤0.001 3 1.09 0.998
  Finger Lakes North East 3 49.99 0.101 33 2.86 0.004 3 20.36 0.731
  Orleans 15 7.96 ≤0.001 15 5.09 0.006 30 2.18 0.359
2000           
  Albany 100 15.1 ≤0.001 90 6.8 ≤0.001 24 4.67 ≤0.001
  Finger Lakes North East 73 2.71 ≤0.001 44 2.65 ≤0.001 21 3.6 0.009
  Finger Lakes East 5 11.86 0.260 52 2.7 ≤0.001 - - -
  Finger Lakes South East 21 3.63 0.008 - - - 22 3.32 0.015
  Niagara Falls 8 33.26 ≤0.001 8 18.2 ≤0.001 8 42.1 ≤0.001
2001           
  Albany 95 21.25 ≤0.001 93 9.31 ≤0.001 33 3.45 ≤0.001
  Finger Lakes East 68 6.4 ≤0.001 - - - - - -
  Finger Lakes Center/South 53 2.14 0.003 140 1.74 ≤0.001 79 1.64 0.106
  Monroe 7 10.16 0.047 - - - 7 50.2 0.869
  South Hudson (Roc-Wes) 39 3.12 ≤0.001 35 2.92 0.002 32 2.53 0.028
2002           
  Albany 81 7.18 ≤0.001 39 6.77 ≤0.001 13 6.63 0.002
  Albany South East (Rensselaer) - - - - - - 16 4.69 0.007
  Finger Lakes East 77 2.17 ≤0.001 35 3.93 ≤0.001 5 6.34 0.962
  South Hudson (Roc-Wes) 80 1.69 0.025 6 14.2 0.028 6 9.79 0.181
2003           
  Albany 34 6.42 ≤0.001 24 3.18 0.007 - - -
  Finger Lakes East 48 2.41 0.002 43 2.61 ≤0.001 14 2.86 0.813
  South Hudson (Roc-Wes) 68 3.23 ≤0.001 33 2.55 0.009 71 2.04 0.002
  1. Cluster locations: Albany: Albany County; Albany North: parts of Albany, Saratoga, Schenectady counties; Albany South East: parts of Rensselaer, Columbia counties; Finger Lakes North East: parts of Cayuga, Oswego, Wayne counties; Finger Lakes East: parts of Cayuga, Oswego, Wayne Counties; Finger Lakes South East: parts of Broome, Chemung, Tioga, Tompkins counties; Finger Lakes Center/South: parts of Broome, Cayuga, Cortland, Onondaga, Ontario, Schuyler, Seneca, Steuben, Tioga, Tompkins, Yates counties; Monroe: Monroe County; Niagara Falls: Grand Island, northwest of Erie County; Orleans: Orleans County; South Hudson: parts of Dutchess, Orange, Putnam, Rockland, Sullivan, Ulster, Westchester counties.