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Table 3 Bivariate association between early sexual debut and selected individual compositional and community contextual characteristics of ever or currently married Nigerian women, 2003*

From: Geographical variations and contextual effects on age of initiation of sexual intercourse among women in Nigeria: a multilevel and spatial analysis

  Early sexual debut
  No [%(n)] Yes [%(n)] p-value
Individual characteristics    
Age (completed years)    .001
   15 – 24 46.6 (640) 53.4 (735)  
   25 – 34 56.0 (1159) 44.0 (910)  
   35+ 50.6 (1057) 49.4 (1030)  
Education    .001
   No education 35.3 (1013) 64.7 (1856)  
   Primary 57.1 (724) 42.9 (543)  
   Secondary or higher 80.2 (1119) 19.8 (276)  
Ethnicity    .001
   Hausa/Fulani 29.2 (606) 70.8 (1467)  
   Igbo 76.7 (578) 23.3 (176)  
   Yoruba 85.5 (541) 14.5 (92)  
   Others 54.7 (1122) 45.3 (930)  
Religion    .001
   Christian 69.9 (1593) 38.1 (686)  
   Islam 38.4 (1202) 61.6 (1932)  
   Others 52.6 (60) 47.4 (54)  
Community characteristics    .001
Type of residence    
   Urban 60.7 (1247) 39.3 (807)  
   Rural 46.3 (1609) 53.7 (1868)  
Community ethnic diversity, Mean (SD) 3.5 (2.6) 3.9 (2.5) .001
Community median age of marriage, Mean (SD) 17.5 (2.5) 15.4 (1.9) .001
Community median spousal age gap, Mean (SD) 9.3 (2.3) 10.2 (1.8) .001
Geopolitical region    .001
   North-central 60.4 (553) 39.6 (363)  
   North-east 38.1 (523) 61.9 (750)  
   North-west 32.0 (523) 67.8 (1101)  
   South-east 78.5 (442) 21.5 (121)  
   South-south 58.8 (314) 41.2 (220)  
   South-west 82.4 (562) 17.6 (120)  
  1. Chi-squared test was used for categorical data, and Mann-Whitney test continuous data for the bivariate analysis. For continuous variables, results are shown as mean and standard deviation.
  2. Number of ethnic group in a community, represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different ethnic group
  3. Data source – 2003 Nigeria Demographic and Survey. Sample size – 5531