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Table 2 Results of the spatial regression models; P-values are shown in brackets

From: Spatial dependency of V. cholera prevalence on open space refuse dumps in Kumasi, Ghana: a spatial statistical modelling

  Nearest distance to refuse dumps Kernel density of refuse dumps
Estimation OLS Spatial Lag Spatial Error OLS Spatial Lag Spatial Error
  12.500 16.911 12.503 8.127 12.63 8.242
Constant (0.0001) (0.0001) (0.0001) (0.0001) (0.0001) (0.0001)
  0.08 0.156 0.175 0.07 0.161 0.174
R 2 (0.02) * * (0.03) * *
  -0.00129 -0.0013 -0.0013 1.858 2.031 1.806
β (0.02) (0.01) (0.006) (0.03) (0.011) (0.007)
δ2 (Sigma-square) 44.57 39.500 38.640 45.00 39.317 38.688
    -0.468    -0.481
λ (lambda) * * (0.05) * * (0.043)
   0.409    -0.443  
ρ (rho) * (0.08) * * (0.057) *
Log Likelihood -224.57 -222.311 221.780 -224.906 -222.286 -221.888
Akaike Inf. Criterion 453.15 450.622 447.561 453.812 450.572 447.776
Schwarz Criterion 457.59 457.28 452.000 458.252 457.231 452.215
   4.526 5.58604   5.24 6.036
Likelihood Ratio test * (0.034) (0.02) * (0.022) (0.014)
   3.581    4.00  
LM lag * (0.06) * * (0.045) *
   0.136    0.127  
Robust LM lag * (0.71) * * (0.721) *
    4.049    4.543
LM error * * (0.04) * * (0.033)
    0.604    0.669
Robust LM error * * (0.44) * * (0.413)
  2.24 1.399 1.438 0.992 1.948 2.034
Breusch-Pagan test (0.134) (0.24) (0.23) (0.319) (0.163) (0.154)
  1. * Not available