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Table 1 Public health facilities in Kenya in 2003 and 2008 by type and management agency.

From: A spatial national health facility database for public health sector planning in Kenya in 2008

  Ministry of health Mission/NGO Local Authority Employers and Other Ministries Total
Type of Facility 2003 2008 2003 2008 2003 2008 2003 2008 2003 2008 (% change)
Hospitalb 125 193 96 104 0 1 11 7 232 305 24
Health centrec 473 678 157 225 50 53 14 15 694 971 29
Dispensary 1,471 2,703 907 1,148 40 47 123 148 2,541 4,046 37
Unspecified clinicd - - - 7 - - 45 5 45 12 -74
Total e 2,069 3,574 1,160 1,484 90 101 193 175 3,512 5,334 34
  1. a. 2003 data were derived from Noor et al 2004.
  2. b. Includes provincial, district, sub-district hospitals or unspecified hospitals offering general inpatient clinical services. The 304 hospitals identified in 2004–08 included 50 health centres identified at the end of 2003 but were subsequently upgraded to hospitals.
  3. c. Includes all health centers, sub-health centers, and rural health training centers as specified on national databases. The 975 health centres identified in 2004–08 included 187 (144 ministry of health; 41 mission/NGO; and 2 local authority) dispensaries identified at the end of 2003 but were subsequently upgraded to health centres.
  4. d. Includes all clinics that were not classified in the private or employer sectors that provide generalized health services but were not classed as dispensaries or health centers.
  5. e. 72 (in 2003) and 67 (in 2008) health facilities including all hospitals that provide treatment for special diseases only, such as leprosy, tuberculosis, cancer, ophthalmology, and spinal injury and the large number of maternity and nursing homes are not shown in this table and do not form part of subsequent analysis of geographic access to public health services as they do not provide care to ambulatory patients. The total of public health facilities also does not include 40 unspecified clinics managed by public institutions and non-MoH government ministries.