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Table 4 Cardiovascular Prevalence Models 1 to 3, Parameter Estimates for Females

From: A multilevel model for cardiovascular disease prevalence in the US and its application to micro area prevalence estimates

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
  Mean 2.5% 97.5% Rel've Risk Mean 2.5% 97.5% Rel've Risk Mean 2.5% 97.5% Rel've Risk
α -2.58 -2.63 -2.55   -2.67 -2.72 -2.61   -2.66 -2.72 -2.61  
Ethnic Coefficients (log relative risk)*
β21 0.00    1.00 0.00    1.00 0.00    1.00
β22 0.38 0.33 0.43 1.46 0.35 0.27 0.43 1.42 0.32 0.25 0.41 1.38
β23 0.10 0.04 0.16 1.11 0.11 0.04 0.16 1.11 -0.01 -0.12 0.06 0.99
β24 0.34 0.28 0.40 1.41 0.37 0.29 0.43 1.44 0.48 0.42 0.56 1.62
Education Coefficients (log relative risk)**
η 21 0.00    1.00 0.00    1.00 0.00    1.00
η 22 -0.41 -0.45 -0.38 0.66 -0.38 -0.41 -0.34 0.69 -0.37 -0.40 -0.32 0.69
η 23 -0.47 -0.51 -0.42 0.63 -0.43 -0.47 -0.39 0.65 -0.42 -0.47 -0.38 0.65
η 24 -0.99 -1.03 -0.94 0.37 -0.93 -0.98 -0.88 0.39 -0.92 -0.97 -0.87 0.40
County Effects
κ2 (County poverty)***      0.80 0.48 1.10 1.18 0.83 0.51 1.17 1.19
δ2 Parameters (Urbanity)             
Metro > 1 m      0.00    1.00 0.00    1.00
Metro, 250th-1m      0.01 -0.03 0.05 1.01 0.02 -0.02 0.06 1.02
Metro < 250th      0.07 0.03 0.12 1.07 0.06 0.01 0.11 1.06
Urban > 20th, adj Metro      0.07 -0.01 0.12 1.07 0.08 0.01 0.16 1.09
Urban > 20th, not adj Metro      -0.03 -0.14 0.09 0.97 0.01 -0.06 0.10 1.01
Urban 2.5–20th, adj Metro      0.10 0.05 0.15 1.11 0.10 0.05 0.15 1.10
Urban 2.5–20th, not adj Metro      0.04 -0.03 0.11 1.04 0.05 -0.02 0.13 1.05
Rural or < 2,5th, adj Metro      0.04 -0.13 0.17 1.04 0.04 -0.07 0.18 1.04
Rural or < 2,5th, not adj Metro      0.01 -0.07 0.10 1.01 0.01 -0.12 0.14 1.01
State Spatial Effects
λ a , Average Spatial Dependence      0.59 0.24 0.86   0.28 0.11 0.57  
τ w Overall Spatial Variance (Model 2)      0.031 0.016 0.054      
φ11 Spatial Variance, Wh (Model 3)          0.023 0.011 0.049  
φ22 Spatial Variance, Blk (Model 3)          0.028 0.012 0.052  
φ33 Spatial Variance, Hisp (Model 3)          0.064 0.033 0.117  
φ44 Spatial Variance, Oth (Model 3)          0.078 0.046 0.132  
  1. * 1 White; 2 Black; 3 Hispanic; 4 Other
  2. ** 1 No school, elementary only, or some high school without graduating; 2 High school graduate; 3 Some college; 4 College Graduate
  3. *** Relative Risks for County Poverty Compares Risks at 5th and 95th percentiles of 2005 all age poverty rate