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Table 11 Association between 5-mile coverage of a good selection of fruits and vegetables and area deprivation or vehicle ownership, using multivariate linear regression model

From: Neighborhood deprivation, vehicle ownership, and potential spatial access to a variety of fruits and vegetables in a large rural area in Texas

Model 1

Access as number of shopping opportunities within 3 network 3 miles

 

Fresh fruits

Overall fruits

Fresh vegetables

Overall vegetables

Deprivation

b (SE)

b (SE)

b (SE)

b (SE)

   High

0.98 (0.21)

1.58 (0.34)

0.75 (0.18)

1.21 (0.25)

   Medium

0.11 (0.18)

0.12 (0.30)

-0.02(0.16)

0.10 (0.22)

R2

0.633

0.497

0.660

0.562

P

<0.001

<0.001

<0.001

<0.001

Model 2

Access as number of shopping opportunities within 5 miles

 

Fresh fruits

Overall fruits

Fresh vegetables

Overall vegetables

Vehicle ownership

b (SE)

b (SE)

b (SE)

b (SE)

   Low

0.47 (0.25)

1.05 (0.38)

0.32 (0.21)

0.76 (0.29)

   Medium

-0.03 (0.24)

0.28 (0.38)

0.07(0.21)

0.11 (0.29)

R2

0.402

0.267

0.438

0.314

P

<0.001

<0.001

<0.001

<0.001

  1. NOTE: In models 1 and 2, the four equations were simultaneously estimated, controlling for population density. In model 1, deprivation entered as categorical variable; low deprivation is referent group. In model 2, vehicle ownership entered as categorical variable; high vehicle ownership is referent group. In both models, population density entered as continuous. Results are reported as multivariate-adjusted b (SE). Statistically significant variables are indicated as: *<0.05 <0.01 <0.001