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Table 11 Association between 5-mile coverage of a good selection of fruits and vegetables and area deprivation or vehicle ownership, using multivariate linear regression model

From: Neighborhood deprivation, vehicle ownership, and potential spatial access to a variety of fruits and vegetables in a large rural area in Texas

Model 1 Access as number of shopping opportunities within 3 network 3 miles
  Fresh fruits Overall fruits Fresh vegetables Overall vegetables
Deprivation b (SE) b (SE) b (SE) b (SE)
   High 0.98 (0.21) 1.58 (0.34) 0.75 (0.18) 1.21 (0.25)
   Medium 0.11 (0.18) 0.12 (0.30) -0.02(0.16) 0.10 (0.22)
R2 0.633 0.497 0.660 0.562
P <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
Model 2 Access as number of shopping opportunities within 5 miles
  Fresh fruits Overall fruits Fresh vegetables Overall vegetables
Vehicle ownership b (SE) b (SE) b (SE) b (SE)
   Low 0.47 (0.25) 1.05 (0.38) 0.32 (0.21) 0.76 (0.29)
   Medium -0.03 (0.24) 0.28 (0.38) 0.07(0.21) 0.11 (0.29)
R2 0.402 0.267 0.438 0.314
P <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
  1. NOTE: In models 1 and 2, the four equations were simultaneously estimated, controlling for population density. In model 1, deprivation entered as categorical variable; low deprivation is referent group. In model 2, vehicle ownership entered as categorical variable; high vehicle ownership is referent group. In both models, population density entered as continuous. Results are reported as multivariate-adjusted b (SE). Statistically significant variables are indicated as: *<0.05 <0.01 <0.001