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Table 6 Access to good availability of fresh and overall (fresh and processed) fruits and vegetables by neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation, using measures of proximity and coverage*

From: Neighborhood deprivation, vehicle ownership, and potential spatial access to a variety of fruits and vegetables in a large rural area in Texas

 

All Deprivation (n= 101)

Low Deprivation (n= 26)

Medium Deprivation (n= 48)

High Deprivation (n= 27)

Proximity (in miles)

   Supermarket

9.9 ± 8.5

11.4 ± 8.8

12.1 ± 8.0

4.7 ± 6.8

   Fruits

Fresh fruits

6.7 ± 5.7§

8.1 ± 5.2

8.0 ± 5.4§

2.9 ± 5.1

Overall fruits

4.7 ± 4.2§

5.6 ± 3.8

5.8 ± 4.0§

2.0 ± 4.0

   Vegetables

Fresh vegetables

7.4 ± 6.1§

8.6 ± 5.6

8.8 ± 5.7§

4.0 ± 6.1

Overall vegetables

4.5 ± 4.1§

5.4 ± 3.6

5.3 ± 3.9§

2.1 ± 4.0

Coverage - 1 mile

   Fruits

Fresh fruits

0.47 ± 0.82

0.65 ± 1.16

0.50 ± 0.99

1.89 ± 1.12

Overall fruits

0.77 ± 1.3

0.96 ± 1.51

0.79 ± 1.29

2.81 ± 1.73

   Vegetables

Fresh vegetables

0.37 ± 0.64

0.61 ± 1.1

0.35 ± 0.76

1.59 ± 1.08

Overall vegetables

0.59 ± 0.98

0.85 ± 1.22

0.69 ± 1.07

2.30 ± 1.23

Coverage - 3 miles

   Fruits

Fresh fruits

0.91 ± 1.2

0.65 ± 1.16

0.50 ± 0.99

1.89 ± 1.12

Overall fruits

1.4 ± 1.7

0.96 ± 1.51

0.79 ± 1.29

2.81 ± 1.73

   Vegetables

Fresh vegetables

0.91 ± 1.2

0.61 ± 1.1

0.35 ± 0.76

1.59 ± 1.08

Overall vegetables

1.2 ± 1.3

0.85 ± 1.22

0.69 ± 1.07

2.30 ± 1.23

Coverage - 5 miles

   Fruits

Fresh fruits

1.2 ± 1.3

1.0 ± 1.36

0.87 ± 1.18

1.89 ± 1.12

Overall fruits

1.9 ± 1.8

1.5 ± 1.82

1.52 ± 1.61

2.85 ± 1.72

   Vegetables

Fresh vegetables

0.93 ± 1.1

0.88 ± 1.27

0.58 ± 0.92

1.59 ± 1.08

Overall vegetables

1.6 ± 1.4

1.30 ± 1.40

1.39 ± 1.35

2.37 ± 1.24

Coverage - 10 miles

   Fruits

Fresh fruits

2.1 ± 1.2

2.08 ± 1.29

1.90 ± 1.22

2.52 ± 1.19

Overall fruits

3.4 ± 1.8

3.58 ± 1.63

3.14 ± 1.80

3.70 ± 1.75

   Vegetables

Fresh vegetables

1.5 ± 1.0

1.65 ± 1.16

1.31 ± 0.93

1.81 ± 0.96

Overall vegetables

3.3 ± 1.5

3.35 ± 1.41

3.04 ± 1.58

3.59 ± 1.52

  1. * Network distance shown as mean ± standard deviation; median in parenthesis
  2. Level of statistical significance for test for trend across ordered groups of neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation: p < 0.01 p < 0.001
  3. Different than distance to nearest supermarket §p < 0.001 p < 0.01