Skip to main content

Table 6 Access to good availability of fresh and overall (fresh and processed) fruits and vegetables by neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation, using measures of proximity and coverage*

From: Neighborhood deprivation, vehicle ownership, and potential spatial access to a variety of fruits and vegetables in a large rural area in Texas

  All Deprivation (n= 101) Low Deprivation (n= 26) Medium Deprivation (n= 48) High Deprivation (n= 27)
Proximity (in miles)
   Supermarket 9.9 ± 8.5 11.4 ± 8.8 12.1 ± 8.0 4.7 ± 6.8
   Fruits
Fresh fruits 6.7 ± 5.7§ 8.1 ± 5.2 8.0 ± 5.4§ 2.9 ± 5.1
Overall fruits 4.7 ± 4.2§ 5.6 ± 3.8 5.8 ± 4.0§ 2.0 ± 4.0
   Vegetables
Fresh vegetables 7.4 ± 6.1§ 8.6 ± 5.6 8.8 ± 5.7§ 4.0 ± 6.1
Overall vegetables 4.5 ± 4.1§ 5.4 ± 3.6 5.3 ± 3.9§ 2.1 ± 4.0
Coverage - 1 mile
   Fruits
Fresh fruits 0.47 ± 0.82 0.65 ± 1.16 0.50 ± 0.99 1.89 ± 1.12
Overall fruits 0.77 ± 1.3 0.96 ± 1.51 0.79 ± 1.29 2.81 ± 1.73
   Vegetables
Fresh vegetables 0.37 ± 0.64 0.61 ± 1.1 0.35 ± 0.76 1.59 ± 1.08
Overall vegetables 0.59 ± 0.98 0.85 ± 1.22 0.69 ± 1.07 2.30 ± 1.23
Coverage - 3 miles
   Fruits
Fresh fruits 0.91 ± 1.2 0.65 ± 1.16 0.50 ± 0.99 1.89 ± 1.12
Overall fruits 1.4 ± 1.7 0.96 ± 1.51 0.79 ± 1.29 2.81 ± 1.73
   Vegetables
Fresh vegetables 0.91 ± 1.2 0.61 ± 1.1 0.35 ± 0.76 1.59 ± 1.08
Overall vegetables 1.2 ± 1.3 0.85 ± 1.22 0.69 ± 1.07 2.30 ± 1.23
Coverage - 5 miles
   Fruits
Fresh fruits 1.2 ± 1.3 1.0 ± 1.36 0.87 ± 1.18 1.89 ± 1.12
Overall fruits 1.9 ± 1.8 1.5 ± 1.82 1.52 ± 1.61 2.85 ± 1.72
   Vegetables
Fresh vegetables 0.93 ± 1.1 0.88 ± 1.27 0.58 ± 0.92 1.59 ± 1.08
Overall vegetables 1.6 ± 1.4 1.30 ± 1.40 1.39 ± 1.35 2.37 ± 1.24
Coverage - 10 miles
   Fruits
Fresh fruits 2.1 ± 1.2 2.08 ± 1.29 1.90 ± 1.22 2.52 ± 1.19
Overall fruits 3.4 ± 1.8 3.58 ± 1.63 3.14 ± 1.80 3.70 ± 1.75
   Vegetables
Fresh vegetables 1.5 ± 1.0 1.65 ± 1.16 1.31 ± 0.93 1.81 ± 0.96
Overall vegetables 3.3 ± 1.5 3.35 ± 1.41 3.04 ± 1.58 3.59 ± 1.52
  1. * Network distance shown as mean ± standard deviation; median in parenthesis
  2. Level of statistical significance for test for trend across ordered groups of neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation: p < 0.01 p < 0.001
  3. Different than distance to nearest supermarket §p < 0.001 p < 0.01