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Table 9 Association between proximity to a good selection of fruits and vegetables and area deprivation or vehicle ownership, using multivariate linear regression model

From: Neighborhood deprivation, vehicle ownership, and potential spatial access to a variety of fruits and vegetables in a large rural area in Texas

Model 1 Access as network distance to the nearest
  Fresh fruits Overall fruits Fresh vegetables Overall vegetables
Deprivation b (SE) b (SE) b (SE) b (SE)
   High -4.47 (0.134) -3.09 (1.02) -3.82 (1.44) -2.91 (1.0)
   Medium -0.86 (1.19) -0.33 (0.91) -0.75(1.28) -0.55 (0.89)
R2 0.303 0.264 0.291 0.243
P <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
Model 2 Access as network distance to the nearest
  Fresh fruits Overall fruits Fresh vegetables Overall vegetables
Vehicle ownership b (SE) b (SE) b (SE) b (SE)
   Low -2.26 (1.21) -3.21 (0.90) -1.93 (1.33) -2.56 (0.89)
   Medium 1.23 (1.21) -2.07 (0.90) 1.29(1.32) -0.66 (0.89)
R2 0.269 0.276 0.268 0.233
P <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
  1. NOTE: In models 1 and 2, the four equations were simultaneously estimated, controlling for population density. In model 1, deprivation entered as categorical variable; low deprivation is referent group. In model 2, vehicle ownership entered as categorical variable; high vehicle ownership is referent group. In both models, population density entered as continuous. Results are reported as multivariate-adjusted b (SE). Statistically significant variables are indicated as: *<0.05 <0.01 <0.001