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Table 1 Infection-attributed deaths and corresponding infection subgroups.

From: National variation in United States sepsis mortality: a descriptive study

Cause of Death Category ICD-9 Codes ICD-10 Codes Infection Subgroup
Salmonella infections 002-003 A01-A02 Abdominal
Shigellosis and amebiasis 004, 006 A03, A06 Abdominal
Certain other intestinal infections 007-009 A04, A07-A09 Abdominal
Respiratory tuberculosis 010-012 A16 Respiratory
Other tuberculosis 013-018 A17-A19 Respiratory
Whooping cough 33 A37 Respiratory
Scarlet fever and erysipelas 034.1-035 A38, A46 Other
Meningococcal infection 36 A39 Neurological
Septicemia 38 A40-A41 Septicemia
Syphilis 090-097 A50-A53 Kidney/Genitourinary
Acute poliomyelitis 45 A80 Other
Arthropod-borne viral encephalitis 062-064 A83-A84, A85.2 Neurological
Measles 55 B05 Other
Viral hepatitis 70 B15-B19 Abdominal
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease 042-044 B20-B24 Other
Malaria 84 B50-B54 Other
Other and unspecified infectious and parasitic diseases and their sequelae 001, 005, 020-032, 037, 039-041, 046-054, 056-061, 065-066, 071-083, 085-088, 098-134, 136-139, 771.3 A00, A05, A20-A36, A42-A44, A48-A49, A54-A79, A81-A82, A85.0-A85.1, A85.8, A86-B04, B06-B09, B25-B49, B55-B99 Other
Meningitis 320-322 G00, G03 Neurological
Acute and subacute endocarditis 421 I33 Cardiac
Diseases of pericardium and acute myocarditis 420, 422-423 I30-I31, I40 Cardiac
Influenza 487 J10-J11 Respiratory
Pneumonia 480-486 J12-J18 Respiratory
Acute bronchitis and bronchiolitis 466 J20-J21 Respiratory
Unspecified acute lower respiratory infection --- J22 Respiratory
Pneumonitis due to solids and liquids 507 J69 Respiratory
Diseases of Additional File 1 - Appendices 540-543 K35-K38 Abdominal
Cholelithiasis and other disorders of gallbladder 574-575 K80-K82 Abdominal
Infections of kidney 590 N10-N12, N13.6, N15.1 Kidney/Genitourinary
Inflammatory diseases of female pelvic organs 614-616 N70-N76 Kidney/Genitourinary
  1. Sepsis-attributed deaths defined as deaths due to infection. The National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) uses 113 causes of death categories to classify each death. Adopted from "NCHS 113 Selected Causes of Death"[31].