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Table 2 Descriptive statistics of the variables used in the analysis

From: Spatial heterogeneity of the relationships between environmental characteristics and active commuting: towards a locally varying social ecological model

Variable (N = 4164) Mean (or %) Min Max STD
Active commuting (outcome)
 % No 41 / / /
 % Yes 59 / / /
   If yes (h/week) 2.34 0.1 10.8 1.8
Individual variables
Age 43.6 19 87 13.3
Gender     
% Men 22.0 / / /
% Women 78.0 / / /
Education     
% < high school 16.8 / / /
% ≥ high school 83.1 / / /
Parking at work     
% Yes 36.7 / / /
% No 63.3 / / /
Transit pass     
% Yes 45.8 / / /
% No 54.3 / / /
Commuting time     
% 1st tertile 36.2 / / /
% 2nd tertile 30.6 / / /
% 3rd tertile 33.1 / / /
Number of motor vehicles owned 1.03 0 8 0.95
Number of bikes owned 1.30 0 4 1.38
GIS-based environmental variables
PC1 (densely built-up areas) 0 −8.6 5.3 2.5
PC2 (well-to-do areas) 0 −8.5 4.0 1.8
Perceived environmental variables   % agree % neither agree nor disagree % disagree
Too much pollution   47.3 24.6 28.1
Neighborhood is not clean   15.8 14.3 69.9
Biking is unsafe   34.4 25.7 39.9