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Table 3 Geographic variability of associations between explanatory variables and PTS between the five NYC boroughs

From: The geography of post-disaster mental health: spatial patterning of psychological vulnerability and resilience factors in New York City after Hurricane Sandy

  Manhattan Bronx Brooklyn Queens Staten Island Chow test
  N = 125 N = 37 N = 96 N = 93 N = 67 N = 5
  Est. S.E. Est. S.E. Est. S.E. Est. S.E. Est. S.E. Est.
Age .05 .04 −.12 .12 .22** .09 .05 .06 .03 .06 6.23
Female 1.09 1.46 4.25 4.37 −2.19 3.48 .15 1.85 3.77* 1.80 3.59
Asian −2.12 1.27 12.19*** 3.65 3.58 5.29 16.81 9.98 −2.68 2.35 18.16**
Non-Hispanic Black −.11 2.15 −.56 3.58 7.65 5.57 8.69** 3.27 .36 7.20 6.43
Hispanic 4.64*** 1.76 5.22 4.05 3.83 5.27 .22 2.37 3.27 2.46 2.51
Other race/ethnicity −2.26 2.39 −3.54 4.72 −3.53 3.00 .11 3.55 8.67 7.82 2.59
High school education or less 4.96* 2.00 2.12 3.54 5.08 4.16 3.26 2.74 2.63 2.07 1.00
Employed −2.67* 1.35 −5.66 4.32 −1.44 2.76 −.02 2.42 −.95 1.52 2.08
Married or cohabiting −2.52 (.06) 1.33 −2.52 3.42 −2.51 2.43 −.99 2.29 −3.87* 1.72 1.04
Parent, living with child at time of Sandy 1.66 1.81 −8.08* 3.81 3.60 2.92 3.97 3.37 1.91 2.05 7.40
Experienced or witnessed trauma in addition to Sandy 3.66** 1.40 8.02*** 2.32 −.27 2.76 4.58 2.83 .31 1.62 9.38 (.05)
Number of hurricane-related stressors 2.14* .87 4.13 3.11 4.13* 1.73 4.37*** 1.08 3.36** 1.03 2.64
Number of hurricane-related trauma .66 2.62 1.94 5.30 1.06 5.40 2.72 3.96 5.62 4.05 1.12
Global spatial lag            
Spatially lagged PTS across all boroughs −0.47 .36          
Model fit            
Pseudo R2 .35           
Spatial Pseudo R2 .34           
Global structural stability test            
Chow test 120.66***           
Spatial dependence            
Anselin-Kelejian test 1.28           
  1. N = Number of cases, Est. = Coefficient estimate, S.E. = Standard error, Significance level: <0.001***, <0.01**, <0.05*. P-value reported in brackets when marginal significant. Spatial neighborhood definition: 9 km, N total = 418.