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Table 1 Selected information from a rapid literature review on mapping for MNH

From: The geography of maternal and newborn health: the state of the art

Publication Region Scope Theme GIS approaches used
Sudhof et al., 2013 [39] Africa Sub-district Geographic access to MNH care Spatial modelling (travel time to facilities along road networks)
Bowie, 2013 [40] Africa National Geographic access to MNH care Spatial modelling (travel time to facilities)
Ismaeel & Jabar, 2013 [41] Middle East City Support system for MNH care Spatial analysis (straight-line distance to facilities)
Echoka et al., 2013 [42] Africa Sub-national Geographic access to MNH care Spatial analysis (straight-line distance to facilities)
Lohela et al., 2012 [43] Africa National (rural) Impact of geographical access on newborn mortality Spatial analysis (straight-line distance to facilities)
Gething et al., 2012 [44] Africa National Geographic access to MNH care Spatial modelling (travel time to facilities along road networks)
Kyei et al., 2012 [45] Africa National (rural) Impact of geographic access on ANC utilization Spatial analysis (straight-line distance to facilities)
Pilkington et al., 2012 [46] Europe National Impact of geographical access on delivery Spatial analysis (distance to facilities along road networks)
Bailey et al., 2011 [47] Africa Sub-national Geographic access to MNH care Spatial modelling (travel time to facilities along road networks)
Gjesfjeld & Jung, 2011 [48] North America Sub-national Geographic access to MNH care Spatial analysis (straight-line distance to facilities)
Fisher & Myers, 2011 [49] Asia Sub-national Geographic access to MNH care Spatial modelling (travel time to facilities along road networks)
Gabrysch et al., 2011 [50] Africa National (rural) Impact of geographical access on use of services. Spatial analysis (straight-line distance to facilities)
Cordivano, 2011 [51] North America City Impact on maternity ward closure Spatial analysis (straight-line distance to facilities, analysis of facility based buffers to determine catchment areas)
Redshaw et al., 2011 [52] Europe National Maternity care organization Thematic mapping (density of facilities)
Massey, 2011 [53] Africa National Geographic patterns of MNH Thematic mapping (analysis of hot-spots of adverse outcomes)
Simoes & Almeida, 2011 [54] Latin America City Impact of geographic access on MMR. Spatial analysis (distance to facilities along road networks)
Zahinos Ruiz, 2010 [55] Africa Sub-national Assess effectiveness (MWHs) Spatial analysis (investigation of facility based buffers to determine catchment areas)
Saugene, 2010 [56] Africa Sub-national Planning of ambulance routes Spatial modelling (travel time to facilities along road networks)
Malqvist et al., 2010 [57] Asia Sub-national Impact of geographic access on mortality and care utilization. Spatial analysis (straight-line distance to facilities)
Pilkington et al., 2008 [58] Europe National Impact on maternity unit closure Spatial analysis (straight-line distance to facilities and, analysis of facility based buffers to determine catchment areas)
Dummer & Parker, 2004 [59] Europe Sub-national Accessibility and infant death risk Spatial modelling (travel time to facilities along road networks)
Balk et al., 2003 [20] Africa Region Impact of geography on child/infant mortality Spatial analysis (straight-line distance to facilities and analysis of facility based buffers to determine catchment areas)
Ayeni, 2002 [60] Africa City Birth weight analysis Thematic mapping (overlaying different map layers and small area analysis)
Leewannapasai et al., 2001 [61] Asia Sub-district Geographic access Thematic mapping (overlaying different map layers)
Jain et al., 2015 [62] Asia Sub-national Impact of geographical access on institutional deliveries Spatial analysis (distance to facilities along road networks)
Tatem et al., 2014 [63] Asia and Africa National Geographic distribution of women of child-bearing age, pregnancies, births and facilities Thematic mapping (overlaying different map layers)
Heard et al., 2004 [64] Africa National Impact of geographic access on service utilization Spatial analysis (straight-line distances to facilities)
Blanford et al., 2012 [65] Africa National Geographic access Spatial modelling (travel time to facilities along road networks)
Nesbitt et al., 2014 [66] Africa Sub-national Accuracy of different measures of geographic access as proxies for access to services. Spatial analysis (straight-line distance to facilities, distance to facilities along road network) and spatial modelling (travel time to facilities along road networks).
Chong et al., 2013 [67] Oceania City (sub-region) Use of geographic methods to identify high-risk communities Thematic mapping (spatial clusters of at risk patients)
Amoako Johnson et al., 2015 [8] Africa National (rural) Impact of geographical access on use of skilled birth attendance. Spatial analysis (distance to facilities along road networks)
Ravelli et al., 2010 [4] Europe National Impact of geographical access on neonatal outcomes. Spatial modelling (travel time to facilities along road networks)
Okwaraji et al., 2012 [3] Africa Sub-national Impact of geographical access on under 5 mortality Spatial modelling (travel time to facilities)