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Table 1 The demographic and health characteristics of the samples

From: New indices for home nursing care resource disparities in rural and urban areas, based on geocoding and geographic distance barriers: a cross-sectional study

Variables Taipei (N = 5627) Hualien (N = 956) Values of chi-square/t-test
n (%) n(%)
Age    
 Mean ± SD 75.61 ± 12.0 72.88 ± 11.7 6.53***
Gender
 Male 2618 (46.5) 497(52) 9.78**
 Female 3009 (53.5) 459 (48)  
Impairment of body function and structure    
 Mental functions and structure of the nervous system 2470 (43.9) 325 (34) 32.78***
 Sensory functions and pain 653 (11.6) 95 (9.9) 2.26
 Voice and speech functions 89 (1.6) 18 (1.9) 0.46
 Functions of the cardiovascular, hematological, immunological and respiratory systems 302 (5.4) 53 (5.5) 0.05
 Functions of the digestive, metabolic and endocrine system 234 (4.2) 30 (3.1) 2.21
 Genitourinary and reproductive functions 384 (6.8) 82 (8.6) 3.82
 Neuromusculoskeletal and movement related Functions 2587 (46.0) 547 (57.2) 41.41***
 Functions of the skin and related structures 6 (0.1) 1 (0.1) 0
Severity of disabilitya
 Mild 1206 (21.4) 193 (20.2) 8.133*
 Moderate 1888 (33.6) 288 (30.1)  
 Serious 1031 (18.3) 203 (21.2)  
 Profound 1502 (26.7) 272 (28.5)  
Functioning of activity and participation
 Cognition 59.44 ± 32.18 52.70 ± 35.35 5.52***
 Mobility 61.68 ± 28.67 66.25 ± 27.78 −4.57***
 Self-care 43.15 ± 32.18 49.26 ± 34.21 −5.15***
 Getting alone 66.99 ± 30.77 55.66 ± 38.32 8.68***
 Life activity 79.29 ± 33.13 79.62 ± 30.74 −0.31
 Life activity (Work) 35.69 ± 47.46 58.14 ± 49.22 −13.11***
 Participation 53.86 ± 23.38 54.23 ± 24.04 −0.45
 Summary scores 61.52 ± 20.58 61.52 ± 21.35 −0.002
  1. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001
  2. aThe evaluation was according to body function and body structure of the ICF from the Functioning Disability Evaluation Scale-Adult Version (FUNDES-adult) of Taiwan [15]