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Table 3 Results of the cluster analysis

From: Spatial distribution and cluster analysis of retail drug shop characteristics and antimalarial behaviors as reported by private medicine retailers in western Kenya: informing future interventions

Retail drug shop characteristics High rate or low rate No. of cases in cluster No. of expected cases No. of controls in cluster Log likelihood ratio Relative risk p value
Sells ACTs more than any other antimalarial Low 4 12.54 28 8.24 0.23 .007*
Offers diagnostic testing (MST or RDT) Low 0 4.45 45 6.62 0 .014*
Medicine retailer characteristics
 Has more than a secondary school education Low 0 8.57 13 16.24 0 <.001*
 Has health-related training Low 0 1.74 2 4.21 0 .352
 Is trained in pharmacy, rather than nursing/midwifery Low 1 8.9 22 10.3 0.09 .001*
 Is trained in nursing/midwifery rather than pharmacy Low 0 4.25 8 6.58 2.45 .053*
 Did identify ACTs as the MOH-recommended firstline antimalarial for non-complicated malaria Low 0 4.4 7 7.46 0 .025*
Medicine retailer behaviors
 Would recommend appropriate malaria treatment for children under 5 Low 2 5.86 11 2.98 0.31 .877
 Would recommend appropriate malaria treatment for adults Low 2 9.34 15 8.5 0.18 .010*
  1. * Statistical significance at p < 0.05