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Table 7 Regression coefficients: final models predicting LAD-level prevalence of LLTI

From: The spatial structure of chronic morbidity: evidence from UK census returns

M2 White Black Asian Mixed Other
b SE p b SE p b SE p b SE p b SE p
Intercept \(-\)4.121 0.019 <.001 \(-\)4.187 0.035 <.001 \(-\)4.528 0.053 <.001 \(-\)4.086 0.045 <.001 \(-\)4.398 0.050 <.001
Male \(-\)0.095 0.001 <.001 \(-\)0.054 0.007 <.001 \(-\)0.233 0.006 <.001 0.137 0.009 <.001 \(-\)0.089 0.012 <.001
Aged 16–49 0.888 0.003 <.001 0.814 0.012 <.001 0.589 0.011 <.001 0.981 0.012 <.001 0.954 0.023 <.001
Aged 50–64 1.968 0.003 <.001 1.947 0.014 <.001 2.353 0.011 <.001 2.304 0.016 <.001 2.466 0.025 <.001
Aged 65+ 3.150 0.003 <.001 3.181 0.014 <.001 3.554 0.010 <.001 3.183 0.016 <.001 3.381 0.025 <.001
Wales 0.344 0.034 <.001 0.222 0.081 0.007 \(-\)0.050 0.072 0.491 0.275 0.047 <.001 0.178 0.079 0.024
Lond. Centre \(-\)0.104 0.056 0.062 0.526 0.096 <.001 0.100 0.101 0.321 0.140 0.063 0.028 0.180 0.096 0.060
Prospering \(-\)0.135 0.024 <.001 \(-\)0.173 0.046 <.001 \(-\)0.114 0.054 0.034 \(-\)0.106 0.036 0.003 \(-\)0.091 0.052 0.078
Coastal \(-\)0.018 0.030 0.549 0.184 0.070 0.008 \(-\)0.201 0.072 0.005 0.103 0.049 0.035 \(-\)0.002 0.075 0.977
Mining 0.092 0.027 <.001 \(-\)0.012 0.054 0.819 \(-\)0.066 0.061 0.278 0.043 0.041 0.292 \(-\)0.008 0.058 0.886
% same ethnicity        1.898 0.260 0.000 \(-\)3.493 1.029 0.001 8.926 1.598 <.001
SAR\(^\dag\) 0.004 0.001 <.001 0.003 0.002 0.068 0.002 0.002 0.302 0.003 0.001 0.001 0.005 0.002 0.005
 SAR\(^\dag\) \(\times\) male 0.001 0.000 <.001     \(-\)0.003 0.001 <.001       
 SAR\(^\dag\) \(\times\) 16–49 0.004 0.000 <.001     0.003 0.001 <.001       
 SAR\(^\dag\) \(\times\) 50–64 0.010 0.000 <.001     0.002 0.001 0.015     \(-\)0.004 0.001 <.001
 SAR\(^\dag\) \(\times\) 65+ 0.004 0.000 <.001 0.002 0.001 0.040          
SMR\(^\ddag\)     \(-\)0.062 0.029 0.030 0.061 0.028 0.032 0.098 0.018 <.001 0.147 0.030 <.001
 SMR\(^\ddag\) \(\times\) male        0.037 0.008 <.001       
 SMR\(^\ddag\) \(\times\) 16–49        0.028 0.012 0.020 0.119 0.011 <.001 \(-\)0.152 0.012 <.001
 SMR\(^\ddag\) \(\times\) 50 \(-\) 64     0.092 0.010 <.001 0.178 0.012 <.001 0.086 0.013 <.001    
 SMR\(^\ddag\) \(\times\) 65+     0.121 0.013 <.001 0.101 0.010 <.001       
Male SMR\(^\dag\) \(\times\) male 0.027 0.002 <.001             
Female SMR\(^\dag\) \(\times\) female \(-\)0.010 0.002 <.001             
\(\sigma ^2\) 0.021 0.146   0.059 0.243   0.068 0.260   0.022 0.147   0.042 0.205  
Shapiro–Wilks 0.994   0.192 0.996   0.423 0.995   0.314 0.997   0.863 0.987   0.003
Moran’s I 0.555   <.001 0.412   <.001 0.449   <.001 0.410   <.001 0.344   <.001
AIC 85,779    15,239    20,925    15,837    12,040   
  1. SAR indirectly standardised emergency admission ratio, SMR directly standardised mortality rate
  2. \(^\dag\) Variable centred around 1.00
  3. \(^\ddag\) Variable Z-standardised