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Table 1 Summary results of the inter-rater reliability of MAPS Global: overview per (sub)section and subscale

From: Using an audit tool (MAPS Global) to assess the characteristics of the physical environment related to walking for transport in youth: reliability of Belgian data

  Number of items Inter-rater reliability between on-site ratings Inter-rater reliability between online ratings
ICC/kappa range Moderate-to-perfect agreement n (%) Fair/poor agreement n (%) ICC/kappa range n (%) Moderate-to-perfect agreement n (%) Fair/poor agreement n (%)
All 119 0.03–1.00 81 (67.5) 10 (8.3) −0.03–1.00 72 (60.0) 21 (17.5)
ROUTE (n = 65) 61 0.03–1.00 41 (67.2) 5 (8.2) −0.03–0.97 33 (54.1) 12 (19.7)
Land use/destinations 31 0.03–1.00 22 (71.0) 2 (6.5) −0.03–0.97 19 (61.3) 6 (19.4)
 Residential density 4 0.66–0.80 4 (100) 0.47–0.78 4 (100)
 Shops 8 0.92–1.00 5 (62.5) 0.51–0.97 5 (62.5)
 Restaurant and entertainment 4 0.03–0.93 2 (50.0) 2 (50.0) −0.03–0.93 2 (50.0) 2 (50.0)
 Institutional/Services 3 0.90–0.98 3 (100) 0.30–0.93 2 (66.7) 1 (33.3)
 Public recreation 4 0.66–0.80 3 (75.0) 0.33–0.59 2 (50.0) 1 (25.0)
 private recreation 2 0.80 1 (50.0) 0.32 1 (50.0)
 Worship land usesa 1 0.96 1 0.77 1
 School land usesa 1 0.85 1 0.79 1
 Pedestrian zone land usesa 1 0.47 1 0.64 1
 Age restricted land usesa 1 1.00 1 0.66 1
 Liquor related land usesa 1 N/A 0.58 1
 Industrial land usesa 1 N/A 0.33 1
Streetscape 19 0.48–0.98 11 (57.9) 0.42–0.82 9 (47.4)
Aesthetics and Social 11 0.13–0.91 8 (72.7) 3 (27.3) −0.02–0.87 5 (45.5) 6 (54.5)
Segment (n = 220) 29 0.23–0.97 26 (89.7) 2 (6.9) −0.01–0.95 21 (72.4) 7 (24.1)
 Setback and building height 4b 0.71–0.83 4 (100) 0.48–0.67 4 (100)
 Building height to road width ratio 5 0.71–0.83 5 (100) 0.48–0.89 5 (100)
 Sidewalk 8 0.23–0.97 6 (75.0) 2 (25.0) −0.01–0.67 5 (62.5) 3 (37.5)
 Buffer 2 0.69–0.89 2 (100) 0.45–0.55 2 (100)
 Bike infrastructure 3 0.51–0.89 3 (100) 0.38–0.95 2 (66.7) 1 (33.3)
 Building surveillancea 1 0.48 1 0.81 1
 Shade 3 0.61–0.87 3 (100) 0.55–0.67 3 (100)
 Pedestrian connectivity 3 0.85 2 (66.7) 0.30–0.33 2 (66.7)
 Informal patha 1 0.77 1 0.84 1
 Hawkers/Shopsa 1 0.95 1 0.04 1
 High (car) street lightsa 1 0.61 1 0.55 1
 Low (pedestrian) street lightsa 1 0.75 1 0.65 1
Crossing (n = 124) 23 −0.01 to 1.00 12 (50.0) 3 (12.5) 0.27–0.95 16 (66.6) 2 (8.3)
 Crosswalk amenities 7 0.34–1.00 2 (28.6) 1 (14.3) 0.38–0.94 4 (57.1) 1 (14.3)
 Curb quality/presence 3 0.71–0.88 3 (100) 0.69–0.94 3 (100)
 Intersection control and signage 7 −0.01–1.00 4 (57.1) 1 (14.3) 0.66–1.00 6 (85.7)
 Bike 3 0.80–0.90 2 (66.7) 0.66–0.76 2 (66.7)
 Overpassa 1 N/A N/A
 Road widtha 1 0.90 1 0.78 1
 Visibilitya 1 0.38 1 0.27 1
CUL-DE-SAC (n = 6) 6 0.67–0.76 2 (33.3) 0.76–1.00 2 (33.3)
  1. Some items no kappa or ICC could be calculated as at least one variable was constant
  2. ICC intraclass correlation coefficient
  3. a Single item; b 4 items are also included in subscale Building Height to Road Width Ratio