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Table 5 Age and sex adjusted associations between area characteristics and TPA (pathway B; N = 271)

From: Residential area characteristics and disabilities among Dutch community-dwelling older adults

Area Area characteristica TPA
Walking Cycling Total TPA
β (95% CI) p β (95% CI) p β (95% CI) p
400 m Aesthetics 1.34 (0.86–2.11) 0.19 1.44 (0.85–2.46) 0.17 1.35 (0.91–2.00) 0.13
Functional features 0.77 (0.60–1.00) 0.05 1.27 (0.93–1.72) 0.13 0.92 (0.73–1.15) 0.44
Safety 1.09 (0.72–1.65) 0.68 0.56* (0.34–0.91) 0.02 0.91 (0.63–1.30) 0.59
Destinations 1.02 (0.98–1.05) 0.32 0.98 (0.95–1.03) 0.45 1.01 (0.98–1.04) 0.59
800 m Aesthetics 2.06* (1.00–4.26) 0.05 1.10 (0.46–2.62) 0.82 1.77 (0.94–3.35) 0.08
Functional features 0.85 (0.54–1.34) 0.47 1.42 (0.82–2.46) 0.21 0.93 (0.62–1.39) 0.72
Safety 0.58 (0.32–1.05) 0.07 0.70 (0.34–1.42) 0.32 0.62 (0.37–1.05) 0.07
Destinations 1.02 (1.00–1.04) 0.07 0.98 (0.96–1.00) 0.12 1.01 (0.99–1.03) 0.23
1200 m Aesthetics 4.53* (1.49–13.79) 0.01 1.53 (0.53–4.44) 0.43 4.26* (1.61–11.30) 0.00
Functional features 0.60 (0.24–1.47) 0.26 0.81 (0.34–1.92) 0.63 0.51 (0.23–1.12) 0.09
Safety 0.45* (0.21–0.98) 0.04 0.77 (0.36–1.62) 0.49 0.54 (0.28–1.08) 0.08
Destinations 1.01 (0.99–1.02) 0.42 1.00 (0.98–1.01) 0.56 1.01 (0.99–1.02) 0.30
  1. Beta coefficients less than 1 represent negative associations, beta coefficients more than 1 represent positive associations
  2. * p < 0.05
  3. aAdjustments were made for age, sex, and the other area characteristics