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Table 7 Age and sex adjusted associations between area characteristics and grocery shopping (pathway A and A′; N = 271)

From: Residential area characteristics and disabilities among Dutch community-dwelling older adults

Area Area characteristica Pathway A Pathway A′
Grocery shopping Grocery shopping adjusted for transport-related walking Grocery shopping adjusted for transport-related cycling Grocery shopping adjusted for total TPA
β (95% CI) p β (95% CI) p β (95% CI) p β (95% CI) p
400 m Aesthetics −0.05 (−0.10 to 0.01) 0.08 −0.04 (−0.10 to 0.01) 0.12 −0.04 (−0.09 to 0.01) 0.12 −0.04 (−0.09 to 0.01) 0.15
Functional features −0.00 (−0.03 to 0.03) 0.88 −0.01 (−0.04 to 0.02) 0.64 0.00 (−0.03 to 0.03) 0.92 −0.01 (−0.03 to 0.02) 0.72
Safety 0.03 (−0.02 to 0.08) 0.31 0.03 (−0.02 to 0.08) 0.27 0.02 (−0.03 to 0.06) 0.51 0.02 (−0.03 to 0.07) 0.36
Destinations −0.00 (−0.01 to 0.00) 0.55 −0.00 (−0.00 to 0.00) 0.66 −0.00 (−0.01 to 0.00) 0.46 −0.00 (−0.00 to 0.00) 0.63
800 m Aesthetics −0.01 (−0.10 to 0.07) 0.75 0.00 (−0.09 to 0.09) 0.99 −0.01 (−0.10 to 0.07) 0.78 0.00 (−0.08 to 0.09) 0.88
Functional features −0.02 (−0.08 to 0.03) 0.46 −0.02 (−0.08 to 0.03) 0.39 −0.01 (−0.07 to 0.04) 0.59 −0.02 (−0.08 to 0.03) 0.39
Safety 0.02 (−0.06 to 0.09) 0.66 0.00 (−0.07 to 0.08) 0.88 0.01 (−0.06 to 0.08) 0.78 −0.00 (−0.07 to 0.07) 0.98
Destinations 0.00 (−0.00 to 0.00) 0.82 0.00 (−0.00 to 0.00) 0.60 −0.00 (−0.00 to 0.00) 0.97 0.00 (−0.00 to 0.00) 0.58
1200 m Aesthetics −0.00 (−0.14 to 0.13) 0.97 0.03 (−0.11 to 0.16) 0.69 0.00 (−0.13 to 0.14) 0.99 0.05 (−0.08 to 0.18) 0.45
Functional features −0.03 (−0.14 to 0.08) 0.56 −0.04 (−0.15 to 0.07) 0.44 −0.03 (−0.14 to 0.08) 0.55 −0.06 (−0.16 to 0.05) 0.29
Safety 0.01 (−0.08 to 0.11) 0.79 −0.00 (−0.10 to 0.09) 0.95 0.01 (−0.08 to 0.11) 0.82 −0.01 (−0.10 to 0.08) 0.84
Destinations 0.00 (−0.00 to 0.00) 0.18 0.00 (−0.00 to 0.00) 0.13 0.00 (−0.00 to 0.00) 0.19 0.00 (−0.00 to 0.00) 0.09
  1. * p < 0.05
  2. aAdjustments were made for age, sex, and the other area characteristics