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Table 3 Basic indicators of natural environment exposure using LandSat and Urban Atlas

From: Characterisation of the natural environment: quantitative indicators across Europe

City All Barcelona Stoke-on-Trent Doetinchem Kaunas
n n = 3946 n = 1044 n = 1044 n = 861 n = 997
Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
NDVI measures           
 Mean NDVI within 100 m 0.43 0.16 0.22 0.09 0.45 0.08 0.54 0.12 0.54 0.08
 Mean NDVI within 300 m 0.44 0.16 0.22 0.10 0.47 0.08 0.55 0.09 0.54 0.07
 Mean NDVI within 500 m 0.45 0.16 0.23 0.10 0.48 0.08 0.56 0.08 0.54 0.07
Urban Atlas measures           
 Straight-line distance to           
  Nearest natural space (m) 180.05 203.85 362.65 280.81 106.29 75.48 64.00 58.22 166.28 143.67
  Nearest green space (m) 183.62 206.18 362.71 280.76 110.36 78.25 67.93 59.67 172.69 159.37
  Nearest blue space (m) 1321.29 1258.08 2564.30 1635.64 973.60 723.95 509.19 354.32 1085.07 661.87
 Street-network buffer           
  Green spaces within 300 m (n) 1.38 1.57 0.73 1.16 1.33 1.20 2.75 2.00 0.92 1.07
  Count of green spaces within 500 m (n) 3.01 2.60 1.91 2.29 2.99 1.85 5.62 2.76 1.95 1.66
  Count of green spaces within 1000 m (n) 9.64 6.58 7.68 7.38 9.12 3.54 16.83 5.73 6.03 3.30
  Total area of green spaces within 300 m (ha) 13.24 33.10 9.92 35.54 19.67 45.32 13.98 20.95 9.35 20.42
  Total area of green spaces within 500 m (ha) 27.14 54.17 15.57 41.82 46.12 74.76 27.87 30.05 18.75 50.70
  Total area of green spaces within 1000 m (ha) 81.35 131.70 37.58 73.22 129.75 154.21 86.83 46.57 71.78 178.12
  Count of blue spaces within 300 m (n) 0.07 0.30 0.00 0.00 0.12 0.42 0.16 0.40 0.01 0.13
  Count of blue spaces within 500 m (n) 0.18 0.54 0.05 0.21 0.29 0.72 0.37 0.70 0.04 0.23
  Count of blue spaces within 1000 m (n) 0.58 1.11 0.22 0.53 0.83 1.52 1.12 1.23 0.23 0.54