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Table 1 Route level scales and valence scores (N = 120)

From: Online versus in-person comparison of Microscale Audit of Pedestrian Streetscapes (MAPS) assessments: reliability of alternate methods

Score name Possible range Individual items Inter-rater agreement (ICC) Confidence interval (CI) Rater Mean SD Percent without feature
Destination and land use: Positive characteristics
 Residential mix 0–3 0 = commercial
1 = single family
2 = multi-family only and any other mix
3 = apartments over retail only
ICC: 0.73 (0.63, 0.80) On the ground 1.29 0.69 11.6%
Online (St view) 1.23 0.65 10.8% commercial
 Shops 0–8 Presence of (0, 1, 2+) grocery/supermarket, convenience stores, liquor/alcohol store, retail stores ICC: 0.86 (0.81, 0.90) On the ground 1.65 1.93 44.2%
Online (St view) 1.48 1.78 45%
 Restaurant-entertainment 0–8 Presence of (0, 1, 2+) fast food restaurant, sit-down restaurant, café/coffee shop, entertainment ICC: 0.92 (0.89, 0.95) On the ground 1.73 1.91 43.3%
Online (St view) 1.71 1.96 43.3%
 Institutional-service 0–6 Presence of (0, 1, 2+) bank, credit union, health-related professional, other service ICC: 0.85 (0.79, 0.89) On the ground 1.94 2.03 41.7%
Online (St view) 2.01 1.89 37.5%
 Public recreation 0–2 Presence of (0, 1, 2+) public park ICC: 0.66 (0.55, 0.75) On the ground 0.10 0.30 90%
Online (St view) 0.11 0.36 90.8%
 Private recreation 0–2 Presence of (0, 1, 2+) private recreation facilities ICC: 0.70 (0.59, 0.78) On the ground 0.21 0.53 85%
Online (St view) 0.24 0.52 80%
 School 0–2 Presence of (0, 1, 2+) school ICC: 0.53 (0.39, 0.65) On the ground 0.24 0.52 89.2%
Online (St view) 0.20 0.50 92.5%
 Place of worship 0–2 Presence of (0, 1, 2+) places of worship (e.g., church, synagogue, mosque) ICC: 0.62 (0.50, 0.72) On the ground 0.13 0.38 80%
Online (St view) 0.09 0.34 84.2%
Destination and land use: Valence and overall
 Land use positive 0–33 Sum residential mix, shops, restaurant-entertainment, institutional service, public recreation, private recreation, school, place of worship ICC: 0.93 (0.90, 0.95) On the ground 7.28 5.91
Online (St view) 7.08 5.50
Streetscape characteristics: Positive characteristics
 Transit stops 0–2 Number of stops along route (0–6) and amenities at 1st stop (bench, covered shelter), recoded as no stop (0), 1 or more stops (1) or 1 or more stops with amenities at first stop (2) ICC: 0.95 (0.93, 0.97) On the ground 0.69 0.93 63.3%
Online (St view) 0.71 0.94 62.5%
 Traffic calming 0–1 Traffic calming characteristics (pedestrian signage, speed humps, curb extensions) ICC: 0.57 (0.44, 0.68) On the ground 0.32 0.47 68.3%
Online (St view) 0.30 0.46 70%
 Streetlights 0–1 Presence of street lights (any vs. none) ICC: 0.91 (0.87, 0.93) On the ground 0.95 0.22 5%
Online (St view) 0.96 0.20 4.2%
 Driveways 0–1 Presence of less than 6 driveways along route (yes or no) ICC: 0.87 (0.81, 0.91) On the ground 0.44 0.50 52.5%
Online (St view) 0.48 0.50 55.8%
 Street amenities 0–4 Presence of street amenities [i.e., trash bins (any vs. none), building overhangs ((any vs. none), bike racks (any vs. none), benches (any vs. none)] ICC: 0.58 (0.45, 0.69) On the ground 0.63 0.94 61.7%
Online (St view) 0.57 0.86 62.5%
Streetscape characteristics: Valence and overall
 Streetscape positive 0–9 Transit stops, traffic calming characteristics, street lights, <6 driveways, street amenities ICC: 0.81 (0.73, 0.86) On the ground 3.03 1.89 2.5%
Online (St view) 3.01 1.71 1.7%
Aesthetics and social characteristics: Valence and overall
 Aesthetics/social positive 0–3 Buildings well-maintained (100%), no presence of any physical disorder and extent ICC: 0.15 (−0.03, 0.32) On the ground 2.25 0.87 3.3%
Online (St view) 2.09 0.73 0.8%
 Aesthetics/social negative 0–2 Buildings not well-maintained (>100%), presence of any physical disorder and extent ICC: 0.07 (−0.12, 0.24) On the ground 0.90 0.92 46.6%
Online (St view) 0.40 0.72 72.5%
 Aesthetics/social overall −2 to 3 Aesthetics/social positive score – aesthetics/social negative scores ICC: 0.27 (0.10, 0.43) On the ground 1.38 1.28 17.5%
Online (St view) 1.70 1.19 8.3%