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Table 3 Crossings—means of all crossings per route: scales and valence scores (N = 107)

From: Online versus in-person comparison of Microscale Audit of Pedestrian Streetscapes (MAPS) assessments: reliability of alternate methods

Score name Possible range Individual items Inter-rater agreement (ICC) Confidence interval (CI) Rater Mean (SD) Percent without feature (%)
Cul-de-sacs
 Overall 0–4 Closeness of cul-de-sac to home, presence of amenities (e.g., basketball hoops), visibility from home ICC: 0.43 (−0.05, 0.76) On the ground −0.05 0.76 1.7
Online (St view) −0.10 0.86 0.8
Crossings: Positive characteristics
 Crosswalk amenities 0–5 Mean: Presence of crossing aids, marked crosswalk, high-visibility striping, different material than road, curb extensions ICC: 0.81 (0.74, 0.87) On the ground 0.54 0.50 32.5
Online (St view) 0.54 0.50 33.3
 Curb quality 0–2 Mean: Presence of pre-crossing and/or post-crossing ramp lined up with crossing ICC: 0.87 (0.82, 0.91) On the ground 1.71 0.59 5.8
Online (St view) 1.67 0.64 7.5
 Intersection control 0–3 Mean: Presence of traffic circle, pedestrian walk signals, countdown signals ICC: 0.92 (0.89, 0.95) On the ground 0.66 0.76 41.7
On the ground 0.54 0.49 32.5
Crossings: Valence and overall
 Positive 0–10 Mean of positive crossing characteristics scales (amenities, quality, intersection control) ICC: 0.93 (0.91, 0.95) On the ground 0.69 0.93 63.3
Online (St view) 0.71 0.94 62.5