Skip to main content

Table 2 Description of data and data sources

From: Gardening in the desert: a spatial optimization approach to locating gardens in rapidly expanding urban environments

Variable Description Data source
Land use Parcel data about land use data for 2014 in 16 categories: i.e., industrial, single family residential, commercial, office Maricopa Association of Governments (MAG)
Food desert Tract level data about food access reported in 2013 United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Median home value Median value of owner-occupied housing units (current dollars) 2014 American Community Survey: 5-year estimates (2010–2014)
Percent owner occupied Percent of housing units that are owner occupied 2014 American Community Survey: 5-year estimates (2010–2014)
Percent vacant housing units Percent of housing units that are vacant 2014 American Community Survey: 5-year estimates (2010–2014)
Median contract rent Renter-occupied housing units paying cash rent (current dollars) 2014 American Community Survey: 5-year estimates (2010–2014)
Percent Black Percent of the population that is Black 2014 American Community Survey: 5-year estimates (2010–2014)
Percent Hispanic Percent of the population that is Hispanic 2014 American Community Survey: 5-year estimates (2010–2014)
Percent bachelor’s Population aged 25 and older with a bachelor’s degree or higher 2014 American Community Survey: 5-year estimates (2010–2014)
Percent food stamps Percent of households receiving Food Stamps/SNAP in the past 12 months 2014 American Community Survey: 5-year estimates (2010–2014)
Percent no healthcare Percent of the population with no healthcare 2014 American Community Survey: 5-year estimates (2010–2014)
Percent under 18 with no healthcare Percent of the population under 18 with no healthcare 2014 American Community Survey: 5-year estimates (2010–2014)
Percent unemployment Percent of the population 16 years and older that is unemployed 2014 American Community Survey: 5-year estimates (2010–2014)
Food outlets 2010 point level food outlet data aggregated to census-tracts ESRI Reference USA
Percent of workers who drove alone to work Percentage of workers 16 and over who drove alone to work in tract 2014 American Community Survey: 5-year estimates (2010–2014)
Percent of workers commuting using non-auto modes Percentage of workers 16 and over who commuted to work using public transit, bicycle, or walking in tract 2014 American Community Survey: 5-year estimates (2010–2014)
Less than 15 min travel time to work Percentage of commuters with a commute time of less than 15 min in tract 2014 American Community Survey: 5-year estimates (2010–2014)
30 min or more travel time to work Percentage of commuters with a commute time of greater than 30 min in tract 2014 American Community Survey: 5-year estimates (2010–2014)