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Table 1 Commercial geospatial data resources for geocoding patient addresses, estimating travel times, and characterising patients’ neighbourhoods

From: A cross-sectional ecological analysis of international and sub-national health inequalities in commercial geospatial resource availability

Geospatial resource Description Web link
Geocoding
ESRI geocoding resources Underpinning resources for geocoding via API, desktop and online software https://developers.arcgis.com/rest/geocode/api-reference/geocode-coverage.htm
Pitney Bowes Geocoding API https://developer2.pitneybowes.com/docs/location-intelligence/v1/en/index.html#GeoCode/Geocode/LI_GGM_Geo_Geocoding.html#GGM_Geo_Geocoding__Geocoding_CountrySpecific
TomTom Resources for geocoding API https://developer.tomtom.com/market-coverage-1
MapBox Resources for geocoding API https://www.mapbox.com/geocoding/#data
Loqate Resources for geocoding service https://loqate.com/countries-covered/
Patient travel
ESRI/HERE Underpinning resources for travel time estimation via API, desktop and online software https://doc.arcgis.com/en/arcgis-online/reference/network-coverage.htm
Google traffic/speed limits Resources accessible via Google Maps API https://developers.google.com/maps/coverage
iGeoloise TravelTime Platform Resources for API for computing travel times via public transport and driving http://docs.traveltimeplatform.com/overview/supported-countries/
TomTom API resources for routing and drive-times https://developer.tomtom.com/market-coverage-1
MapBox Directions API Resources for travel time API https://www.mapbox.com/api-documentation/pages/traffic-countries.html
Neighbourhood characterisation
Michael Bauer Area statistics covering topics such as population, age-sex structure, consumer lifestyles, unemployment and purchasing power http://www.english.mb-research.de/market-data-overseas.html
Mosaic Global geodemographic resources Area statistics based on consumer classification system http://www.experian.co.uk/assets/business-strategies/brochures/Mosaic_Global_factsheet%5b1%5d.pdf
Cameo International Area statistics based on consumer classification system http://www.callcredit.co.uk/media/1287258/cameo%20global%20map.jpg
Maptitude Spatially disaggregated demographic data that are more than headcounts https://www.caliper.com/maptdata.htm